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Pantheon of Armenian pagan gods and goddess

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#1 Ashot



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Posted 02 March 2008 - 10:42 PM

Aramazd - Master of all Armenian gods, the father of all gods and goddess, the creator of heaven and earth. He called "Great and courage Aramazd". Aramazd was the source of earth’s fertility, making it fruitful and bountiful. The celebration in his honor was called Am'nor, or New Year, which was celebrated on March 21 in the old Armenian calendar (also the Spring equinox). Aramazd's main sanctuary was located in Ani Kamakhym, one of the cult centers of Ancient Armenia. The treasures and tribal mausoleums of Armenian Arshaguni (Arshakuni) kings were there, too.

Anahit - The daughter or wife of Aramazd. Anahit was the most loved and honored Armenian goddess. She was mother-goddess. Anahit was sculptured with the child on her hands` with specific hair style of Armenians mothers or women and was called "Great Lady Anahit". Ancient Armenians believed that Armenian world was existing by Anahit's will. Anahit was the cult of maternity and fertility. Anahit-worships were established in Eriza avan (region) and in Armavir, Artashat and Ashtishat cities . A mountain in Sophene district was known as Anahit's throne (Athor Anahta).

Vahagn - The third god of Armenian Pantheon. Vahagn was the god of thunder and lightning. Vahagn's main sanctuary was located in Ashtishat city of Taron "world" (region of Armenia). Also he was a god of war. Armenian kings and warlords before going to war asking him to support them.

Astghik - The goddess of love, beauty and water. She was the wife or lover of Vahagn, the god of thunder and lightning. Her temple in Astishat was called "the room of Vahagn", where Astghik met with his lover - Vahagn. She was sculptured without clothes, as beautiful young woman during swimming. The celebration in her honor occurred in mid June and was called Vardevar. It is still celebrated in Armenia by pouring water on each other.

Nane - The daughter of Aramazd. The goddess of war. Her cult was closely connected with Anahit's cult. And it was not a randomness that her tample was located in Ekegyac region (gavar), near with Anahit's temple. Now Armenians usually call their grandmother "Nane" (Nan) which means that Nane was an influential goddess in Ancient Armenians spiritual life.

Mihr - The god of sun and heaven light. He was the son of Aramazd, the brother of Anahit and Nane. His main worship was located in Bagaharich. The pagan temple of Garni was Mihr's worship.

Tir - The god of wisdom, science and studies, also an interpreter of dreams. Tir was secretary of Aramazd. Tir's temple was located near Artashat and was called "Aramazds grchi divan" or "Mehyan for studying sciences".

Amanor and Vanatur - Amanor was the god of Armenians new year and lord of the new yield. The celebration in his honor occurred in the end of Junly and was called Navasard (new year). His main worship was located in Bagavan city. If Amanor was the god of new year and new yield, Vanatur was the god of hospitality and bountiful hosts.

Tsovinar - The goddess of water, sea and rain. She was a fire creature, who forced the rain and hail to fall from the heavens with her fury.

Spandaramet or Sandaramet - The god of underground. He was the god of dead people's kingdom or hell.

Aralezs - The oldest gods in the Armenian pantheon, Aralezs were gods in the form of dogs, whose powers included the ability to resurrect the dead by licking wounds clean.

Barshamin or Barshimnia - This was one of the idols transported by Tigran from Mesopotamia into Armenia, and housed in the village of Thordan, in Daranaghi. The brilliantly white idol was made of ivory and crystal, wrought with silver. The name Barshamin is derived from the Phoenician Ba-ala-shamin, in Aramaic form, meaning "lord of heavens," like the Bel of the Babylonians.

Gissaneh (Kissaneh) and Demeter-Demetr - Agathangelos ignores the existence of these two idols in Taron. On the other hand, there must have been some ground for the tale about the fierce struggle of paganism, as reported by Hovhan (John) Mamikonian who lived in the seventh century.

Edited by Ashot, 02 March 2008 - 11:17 PM.

#2 Ashot



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Posted 02 March 2008 - 10:50 PM

Armenian, Iranian, Greek

Aramazd, Ahuramazda, Zeus

Anahit, Nahit, Artemis

Vahagn, Verethragna, Heracles

Astghik, ---, Aphrodite

Nane, ---, Athena

Mihr, Mithra, Hephaestus

Tir, Ture-Tir, Apollo

Amanor and Vanatur, ---, ---

Tsovinar (Tzovinar), ---, ---

Spandaramet or Sandaramet, Spenda-Aramaiti, Hades

Aralezs, ---, ---

Barshamin or Barshimnia, ---, ---

Gissaneh (Kissaneh) and Demeter-Demetr, ---, ---

#3 MosJan


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Posted 12 June 2008 - 02:02 AM


tsovinar is the only ? God or Goddess of water & sea that we Armenians have ??

Tsovinar - The goddess of water, sea and rain

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