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Armenian Genocide Commemorations List and related articles


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#2041 Yervant1

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Posted 17 August 2021 - 08:48 AM

Indeed, a very brave man! Turkey needs more people like you.

News.am, Armenia

Aug 17 2021
 
 
NBA’s Turkish player: I share the pain of millions of Armenians
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Enes Kanter, the Turkish player of the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA), has gone on Instagram and called to recognize the Armenian Genocide.

“As part of my wish to stand up for human rights for all people, over the last few weeks I had a chance to meet several well-respected historians and scholars and it was eye opening to learn more about the Armenian Genocide and face my ignorance,” Kanter wrote.

“The education System in Turkey is nationalist, biased and ignored millions of people’s sufferings. At the point where I am today, I share the pain of millions of Armenians. I believe Turkey must face its past and present crimes. I also strongly believe that democracy will eventually come to Turkey one day and it will then bind up the wound of millions of people, including Armenians and other minorities,” the NBA star continued.

He added that ”dictator Erdogan is a threat to regional peace and like of other tyrants he will lose power and face justice”.” “He is destroying democracy and freedoms for all the people,” Kanter added.

The player revealed plans to hold a basketball camp in Los Angeles “for Armenian brothers and sisters” next week.

“This is the first step for building peace and bridges of love between two beautiful countries. It’s time to destroy all the walls and open hearts to each other,” he concluded.

In 2018, Enes Kanter's father was sentenced to 15 years in prison in Turkey. He links his father's imprisonment with his harsh criticism of Turkey and Erdogan. Kanter has been deprived of Turkish citizenship.

 

 
 


#2042 Yervant1

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Posted 23 August 2021 - 08:22 AM

The Jewish Voice
Aug 22 2021
 
 
 
Turkey Paid McAuliffe’s Firm To Lobby US Against Recognition of Armenian Genocide
 
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MCLEAN, VA - JUNE 8: Gubernatorial candidate Terry McAuliffe greets supporters at an election-night event after winning the Democratic primary on June 8, 2021 in McLean, Virginia. McAuliffe will face Republican nominee Glenn Youngkin in the state's general election this fall. McAuliffe previously served as Virginia governor from 2014-2018.

Chuck Ross (Free Beacon)

A consulting firm cofounded by Virginia Democratic gubernatorial candidate Terry McAuliffe lobbied on behalf of the Turkish government to prevent the United States from official recognition of the Armenian genocide.

Turkey paid McAuliffe’s firm, McAuliffe, Kelly, & Raffaelli, nearly $1.3 million from 1990 to 1994 for a variety of lobbying and public relations services, according to disclosures under the Foreign Agents Registration Act. At the time, the Turkish government faced scrutiny from the State Department and human rights groups over the alleged use of torture against members of Kurdish opposition groups.

McAuliffe’s tenure at his consulting firm is a largely forgotten entry on his political résumé, which includes a stint as chairman of the Democratic National Committee and a longtime friendship with the Clintons. McAuliffe has said he did not engage in the day-to-day lobbying activities at McAuliffe, Kelly, & Raffaelli, but his former partners have credited him as the glue that held the firm together. The firm at one point sported a roster of 60 clients, several of them controversial, Politico reported in 2013. In addition to Turkey, McAuliffe’s firm represented the Lead Industry Association and cigarette maker Philip Morris.

McAuliffe, who is running for a nonconsecutive second term as Virginia governor, is narrowly leading Republican businessman Glenn Youngkin in polls.

According to its foreign agent disclosures, McAuliffe’s firm received $1,287,500 from the Turkish government to arrange meetings with American policymakers for Turkey’s ambassador and diplomats. Turkey’s contract called on the firm to lobby Congress on bilateral trade and to “counter any efforts detrimental to the Turkish-U.S. relationship.” One issue that has long strained U.S.-Turkey relations is the Ottoman Empire’s murder of more than one million Armenians from 1915 to 1917.

McAuliffe’s campaign said during a failed 2009 gubernatorial bid that McAuliffe, Kelly, & Raffaelli worked for Turkey on the genocide issue, the Washington Post reported at the time.

 

The Turkish government has doled out tens of millions of dollars to lobbying firms to prevent the U.S. government from labeling the mass murder a genocide. The pressure campaign succeeded until 2019, when the Senate passed a resolution that recognizes the genocide. The Biden administration in April recognized the atrocities as genocide.

McAuliffe, Kelly, & Rafaelli’s work for Turkey was detailed in “The Torturers’ Lobby,” a 1992 report by the Center for Public Integrity. A 1991 State Department report said the Turkish government was at the time routinely torturing Kurds, often through the use of electric shocks, “beating of the genitalia,” and rape.

McAuliffe’s campaign did not respond to a request for comment about his firm’s contract with Turkey or his position on the 2019 recognition of the Armenian genocide.

McAuliffe was implicated in the 1996 Democratic National Committee campaign finance scandal, in which he arranged overnight stays at the White House for Democratic party donors. Before his first stint as governor of Virginia, McAuliffe directly lobbied the Obama administration to help his electric car company, GreenTech Automotive, gain access to a federal visa program for potential Chinese investors. The Justice Department also investigated whether McAuliffe took illegal donations from a Chinese billionaire during his 2013 gubernatorial campaign.



#2043 Yervant1

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Posted 17 September 2021 - 08:52 AM

Public Radio of Armenia
Sept 16 2021
 
 
 
Cross-stone dedicated to victims of Armenian Genocide unveiled in Czech city of Kralupy nad Vltavou
September 16, 2021, 11:04
 1 minute read
 

A new memorial dedicated to the victims of the Armenian genocide was unveiled in Kralupy nad Vltavou, Czech Republic, on Wednesday, Orer.eu reports.

It was made by an Armenian native Telman Nersisjan, who lives in Kralupy. According to the author, the khachkar (cross-stone) will also stand as a symbol of solidarity and cooperation between peoples.

The official unveiling was also attended by Armenian Ambassador Ashot Hovakimijan and Cardinal Dominik Duka, who blessed the monument.

 

The deputy mayor of Kralupy Libor Lesák noted that Armenians settled in their city in the 1990s, showed their best, received higher education here and provided worthy services to the city. According to him, Armenians deserve to have their monument in this city.

Armenian Ambassador to the Czech Republic Ashot Hovakimyan noted that this year Armenians around the world marked the 106th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, and in fact the 6 million Armenian Diaspora are the descendants of Armenians scattered around the world as a result of that genocide.

The Ambassador stressed that Armenians all over the world are fighting against the denial of the Armenian Genocide, which Turkey continues to deny, and thanked the countries that support the Armenian people in their struggle. In particular, Ambassador Hovakimyan expressed his gratitude to the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament for adopting a resolution on the Armenian Genocide in 2017, and to the Czech Senate, which adopted a similar resolution in 2020.

The opening ceremony was aired live on Czech TV.

 

https://en.armradio....py-nad-vltavou/



#2044 Yervant1

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Posted 17 September 2021 - 08:54 AM

News.am, Armenia
Sept 16 2021
 
 
Archbishop of Prague: Armenia is surrounded by enemies, question of its existence is raised even now
11:17, 16.09.2021
 
 
 

The recently installed Armenian cross-stone was unveiled Wednesday at the central park of Kralupy nad Vltavou, Czech Republic, orer.eu reported.

The person behind the installation of this cross-stone is Telman Nersisjan who, in his remarks at the event, emphasized that this cross-stone is dedicated to the memory of 1.5 million victims of the 1915 Armenian Genocide.

The spiritual leader of the Czech Catholic Church and the Archbishop of Prague, Cardinal Dominik Duka, said his word of blessing. He reflected not only on the deprivations suffered by the Armenian people and the memory of millions of victims during the aforesaid genocide, but also the plight of the Armenians living in Armenia today, noting that Armenia is surrounded by enemies and the question of its existence is raised even now.

 
 
https://news.am/eng/news/663042.html

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#2045 Yervant1

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Posted 08 October 2021 - 08:26 AM

The Article, Canada
Oct 7 2021
 
 
Remember us: recognising and rediscovering the Armenian Genocide
 

On 24 April 2021, the American President Joe Biden formally recognised the Armenian Genocide. It had only taken 106 years to the day. April really is the cruellest month, as TS Eliot wrote in The Waste Land. The Armenian Genocide is crucial in understanding other genocides that followed. Until the Nazis, it was the high watermark of mass murder in the 20th century.

The world watched the genocide of 1915 unfold almost in real-time in what was then the Ottoman Empire, as the Turkish authorities systematically deported and killed most of the empire’s Armenian population. Over nearly two years of death marches, massacres and forced conversions, the New York Times published more than 140 articles on the subject. Here are some of the terms used to describe the “unparalleled savagery” and “acts of horror”: “young women and girls appropriated by the Turks, thrown into harems, attacked or else sold to the highest bidder”, “endure terrible tortures”, “revolting tortures”, “their breasts cut off, their nails pulled out, their feet cut off”, “burned to death”, “helpless women and children were roasted to death”, “1,500,000 Armenians starve”, “dying in prison camps”, “massacre was planned”, “most thoroughly organised and effective massacres this country has ever known”.

Three years later, at the end of World War One, in 1918, the Hearst newspapers serialised the biographical account of a young orphaned girl: Arshaluys Mardiganian. She had witnessed the murder of her entire family. In 1919, Hollywood made a silent movie, Ravished Armenia/Auction of the Souls, where she played herself. She changed her name to Aurora Mardiganian. Like Anne Frank decades later, both young women crystallised the horrors of the war from their personal accounts.

 

Donald Bloxham, a professor of modern history, wrote, “The genocide carried out on the Armenians was not only the first of its type but also the most successful. [The 1904-1908 genocide of Namibia’s Nama and Herero people is now considered the first.] Having wiped out a population, the perpetrators then succeeded in virtually erasing any memory of its destruction.”

The Armenian Genocide may have been the “forgotten genocide” in the 1950s during the Cold War. Still, since the 1960s and especially from 2015 onwards, genocide studies, which grew out of Holocaust studies, expanded. The Holocaust is the most frequently described genocide, but the Armenian one is probably a distant second.

When Hitler was planning to invade Poland in 1939, he wanted to send Polish intellectuals and opposition figures to a concentration camp. When someone objected, referring to the Armenian slaughter, he was reputed to have replied, “Who remembers the Armenians?” This was the lesson the Nazis had learned. Nations could get away with mass murder.

There was a long and slow build-up to the 1915 genocide by the Muslim Ottomans against the Christian Armenians. After five centuries of dominance, the Ottoman Empire was in decline. The elites were desperate to save the empire and hold on to their power, status and privileges. The Armenian reformers and revolutionaries were looking for political and social justice and equality, and sovereignty, which they didn’t have under the Ottomans. Non-Muslims were second-class subjects in the Empire.

When the “Bloody Sultan” Abdul Hamid II came to power in 1876, it was at a time of rebellions. He believed that Turkification was the answer to Ottoman woes. He is best remembered for overseeing the decline of the Empire and the Armenian massacres of the 1890s. These “infidels” were labelled with the conventional tropes of alienation. Armenians were called disloyal, ungrateful and accused of profiteering from others, all of which began a justification for the violence.

The Turkish bourgeoisie grew as it acquired Armenian possessions, property and status during the 1908 Young Turk revolution and later in World War One. Local elites played a crucial role in creating the atmosphere. “They incited and provoked people and created this hateful, hostile atmosphere between Muslims and Christians,” says Dr Umit Kurt, an academic and author of The Armenians of Aintab. The Ottomans created false rumours. “They said that Armenians were attacking mosques and raping women. They handed out pamphlets about the threat of an independent Armenia.”

In 1913, the most militant faction, the Young Turks, who believed the Armenians were collaborating with foreign powers, took over the Ottoman Empire in a coup d’etat. Mehmet Talaat (pictured below) came to power, the de facto leader of the Government and one of the architects of modern Turkey — but also of the Armenian Genocide, which he ordered as Minister of the Interior.

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Talaat (1874 –-1921) (Alamy)

1915 was a catastrophic year for the Ottomans. Fighting on the side of the Central Powers (Germany, Austro-Hungary) and against the Entente (France, Britain, Russia), they suffered their worst defeat. In January, the Ottomans were defeated by the Russians at Sarikamish in the Caucasus Mountains. The Young Turk-led government blamed the Armenians and scapegoated them.

Most historians date the final decision to exterminate the Armenian population from March or early April 1915. Talaat began by arresting Armenian intellectuals on 24 April 1915. That was and is the first step to destroying a community and making it headless. The responsibility for the deaths of more than one million Armenians, probably closer to 1.5 million, out of an Ottoman population of three million, rests primarily with him. By May 1915, the Entente powers were noting that the Young Turks had committed “crimes against humanity” against the Armenians.

A month later, the Ottoman Young Turks issued a Law of Confiscation, which allowed them to confiscate and then liquidate Armenian assets and properties, just as the Nazis would later do. The Ottomans in Aintab, now Gaziantep, would lay out the plundered goods of the Armenians in the middle of the street, and everything would be sold at ludicrously low prices.

This massive transfer of economic wealth was like winning the lottery for the local Muslim population. The material gain was a great motivator in perpetuating the genocide. The Young Turks benefited when they killed their neighbours and found willing executioners, eager to slaughter their Armenian neighbours, friends and countrymen for gain as much as revenge.

Some Muslims may have tried to help the Armenians, but to do so was illegal. Families were threatened, and they chose not to see what was going on in front of them. They said nothing because of fear, greed or both. Most people were afraid, and there was substantial resentment of the Armenians and economic opportunity for the perpetrators and collaborators. Still, the sense of terror can’t be underestimated, especially when your family is at risk.

Like their Nazi counterparts, too, Ottoman doctors experimented on children. They murdered those with learning difficulties by injecting them with poison, and they carried out experiments on others using typhus injections. Turkish doctors killed infants at the Red Crescent Hospital in Trabzon, used morphine to murder others, and gassed children in school rooms. Local officials used Armenian women and girls as prostitutes.

According to Paul G Pierpaoli Jr in The Armenian Genocide Encyclopedia, Dr Mehemet Reshid, who hated all Christians without distinction, treated Armenian patients as inferior. The atrocities were so horrific you have to ask what is wrong with the human race. He “devised brutal ways in which to treat Armenians. These included nailing horseshoes to their feet and forcing them to walk through Ottoman streets. He nailed Armenians on crosses to mimic the fate of their pre-eminent religious symbol, Jesus Christ. Dr Reshid also engaged in bizarre human experimentation on Armenians, resulting in his victims’ deaths…Their eventual mass extermination eerily anticipated how Nazi doctors attempted to justify their brutal treatment and mass killing of European Jews during WWII.”

Mass deportations began in June 1915. By the time of the death marches, most of the men were dead, either shot or bayonetted. The youngest and most attractive women were raped and young children taken as sex or military slaves. Older women, men and children were sent in cattle cars or on marches in the desert in caravans of death. They went without provisions in the scorching heat while paramilitary killing units followed behind. Marauding gangs robbed and raped. And typhus, pneumonia and dysentery killed as efficiently as hunger, thirst and exposure.

Armenians deported to the deserts of Syria in June 1915 were forced to walk over the dead bodies of Armenians towards the concentration camps where they were expected to die. Instead, 400,000 deportees arrived in Aleppo, a surprise for Talaat. “It was from this moment that they began to establish the series of concentration camps, which were in effect death camps as they had no food or provisions for survival.” Although a few Turkish officials were taken to court after the war, most were acquitted or not put on trial.

While the Americans have finally acknowledged the Armenian Genocide, the Turkish government still denies it. The Armenian Genocide scholar Professor Alan Whitehorn, Professor emeritus at the Department of Political Science and Economics at the Royal Military College of Canada, explains.

“There are often many reasons; one is psychological,” says Professor Whitehorn. “It’s tough for you to say: you know, my father, my grandfather or my uncle participated in mass murder. It’s even harder to acknowledge that your relative has done harm, to have been a murderer who’s killed or engaged in sexual abuse. Perhaps there’s embarrassment or family guilt. You don’t want to pass on the bad news about an elderly relative to your children.”

He adds: “The psychological is quite important. If you’re a product of ultra-nationalism and the Ottoman Empire was under the influence of the Young Turks, you don’t want to acknowledge mistakes. I mean, it’s the nature of nationalism to be proud of your country and critical of other countries. There’s a sense of self-superiority and subordination of the others. This is doubly so when you’ve had a history of an empire, where the subject peoples are considered inferior and need to show deference and subservience. So I think that historic nationalist sense of ‘we’re superior and we don’t acknowledge our mistakes to supposed inferiors’ is germane.”

BAHXGF.jpg

(Alamy)

Also, as soon as you acknowledge your collaboration, there could be penalties and demands for compensation — reparation is the obvious one, as is the restitution of land and buildings. 

“The politics of genocide is not without long-term financial cost to the perpetrator state,” says Professor Whitehorn. Apart from making postwar Turkey a less ethnically diverse nation, “in slaughtering the Armenians, a key segment of its merchant class was wiped out.”

The Austrian-born Jewish author Franz Werfel wrote about the Armenian Genocide in 1933. His fact-based novel, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh, was an international success. It also became a cause célèbre in Hollywood, when the Turkish Ambassador to the US before World War Two prevented its filming. The State Department supported the decision to keep good relations with the Turks.

The story is a fictionalised account about a cluster of Armenian villages that held out against Ottoman troops in 1915 for 40 days. The survivors escaped to French naval ships that took them to safety in Egypt.

Werfel wrote: “The book was conceived in March 1929, during a stay in Damascus. The miserable sight of some maimed and famished-looking refugee children working in a carpet factory gave me the final impulse to snatch time from the Hades of all that was, this incomprehensible destiny of the Armenian nation. The writing of the book followed between July 1932 and March 1933.”

The Jews in the Warsaw ghetto and in other Jewish ghettos read and re-read Werfel’s novel. In the Holocaust, they were looking for inspiration to fight against the Nazis. It was an inspirational and almost unique case of resistance and survival.

Professor Whitehorn’s metzmama, his Armenian grandmother, survived the Young Turks’ genocide. She was one of 100,000 orphans who did. She spent ten years in refugee camps and orphanages, including ones in Corfu and Greece, until an Egyptian Armenian family adopted her. In his work, Whitehorn has often wondered where she found the will to survive. Her first husband, whom she met in Egypt, had survived the genocide but couldn’t cope, and killed himself while she was pregnant.

Professor Whitehorn’s work on genocide and human rights is a way of saying thank you to his metzmama and those who need help today. He works at night when all is quiet — “except for the voices of the past who whisper their haunting words. Remember us . . . Please remember us.”

 


#2046 Yervant1

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Posted 11 October 2021 - 07:53 AM

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Oct 10 2021
 
 
Visiting the Armenian Orphans Genocide Museum in Byblos, Lebanon
armenian-orphans-genocide-museum_28_4264
The National Herald

The Armenian Orphans Genocide Aram Bezikian Museum in Byblos, Lebanon. Photo: Facebook

10/10/2021
 By Julian McBride     

Growing up, I have always been an avid visitor of museums, especially internationally ones. From archaeological and historical museums like the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Modern Museum of Art, and fun and engaging museum such as SpySpace, the type of institutions gives excellent educational references and guidance. When I conducted field work in Lebanon, there was one that caught my eye. This one was Armenian Genocide Orphans Museum in Byblos, Lebanon, which surprisingly, it is not well known outside of the Armenian community.

On August 20th, 2021, I had the honor of visiting the Armenian Genocide Orphans Museum in Byblos. Before visiting, I had knowledge of the Armenian Genocide and how Lebanon took in many Armenian refugees, but not at the magnitude that I was taught at the museum. The Orphanage has the nickname ‘Bird’s Nest,’ and it sits the archaeological site of the ancient Phoenician Byblos Castle. Named after Aram Bezikian, the museum tells the stories and plights of hundreds of thousands of Armenian Genocide survivors and their history in Lebanon after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. My guide for the tour is Krikor Alozian, who is a plethora of knowledge. In the beginning of the tour, there was information of the earliest stages of the pogroms and persecutions of the Armenians before the genocide, such as the Hamidian Massacres. These massacres were a series of pogroms meant to take out anger against Armenians, Greeks, and Assyrians for the military setbacks of the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Abdul Hamid II and Kurdish collaborating chieftains. The massacres took place in the late 1890s, a period when many Armenians already enduring over eight hundred years of Turkish rule and persecution yet continued to thrive under them.

Later in the gallery, I was showed Sultan Abdul Hamid was later overthrown by the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), also infamously known as the Young Turks. At first they made promises of reform and new constitutional changes that would help ease tensions for the empire’s second-class citizens, such as the Armenians, Greeks, Maronites, and Assyrians; but there was also a darker side to them. Pre-Great War, there was a growing sense of nationalism around the world, and a hardline one took place in Asia Minor. Though Armenians and other Christians were relegated to second class citizens, they were the backbone of the Ottoman Empire. While most Turkish citizens served in the military and high administration, Armenians were the more educated and higher paid doctors, bankers, historians, archaeologists, and merchant traders. Many European aristocrats and nations did business and trading directly with the Armenians and Greeks of the empire, instead of the Turkish administration. This would later become a disdain for them, even though they lived side by side with Turks for hundreds of years. The second cause for disdain was the ever-increasing Russian presence on the Ottoman borders, with many Armenians being incorporated into the Russian Empire and later fighting alongside them. This along with a mass influx of Turkish, Carcassian, and Kurdish refugees from military setbacks gave the Young Turks the pretext they were looking for to enact their ultimate plan: a genocide.

The genocide took place in 1915, with the arrests and execution of many Armenian intellectuals on April 24th. Though it is widely known as the Armenian Genocide, it also coincided with the genocide of Greeks, Assyrians, and many Lebanese, particularly Maronites of Mount Lebanon, making it a Christian Genocide as a whole. Armenians were death marched to the brutal deserts of Syria, starved, bayoneted, and burn alive in their own churches. There were hundreds of thousands of orphans from the genocide, as the parents were primarily killed with the children left to fend for themselves. The next exhibit showed the network of those orphans and surviving adults, from Cilicia, Aleppo, and Beirut. Beirut would become a home to hundreds of thousands of Armenian orphans. In dire need of food, shelter, clothing and warmth, the people of the modern state of Lebanon opened their arms and incorporated these Armenians into their society. Many of these Armenians would help govern key cities such as Anjar and Bourj Hammoud.

The last part of the exhibit showed the grown of Armenians of Lebanon, the foundations of the orphanages and various aid groups which helped them, such as the Near East Relief. The last part of my tour was when Krikor allowed me to write a message for any future visitor and a massage of faith and hope for Armenians and descendants in a sacred book at the museum. I have been to various museums around the world, such as the Met Museum in NY and other historical museums in Japan and Greece, but nothing has moved me more than the Armenian Genocide Orphans Aram Bezikian Museum and Bird’s Nest Orphanage. This is a museum I would recommend to anyone who wants to be informed in one of the world’s most brutal genocides and the heartbreaking plight of the survivors, who to this day has not received just, acknowledgement, or reparations from the Turkish Republic. In an era of economic hardships and difficulties, the museum could use the visitors or donations to help continue ruining it thoroughly and to support orphans, who to this day, are being helped at the Bird’s Nest Orphanage. I consider August 20th, 2021, one of the most memorable days of my life, and this event was a major reason.

Julian McBride is a forensic anthropologist and independent journalist.

https://www.thenatio...tember-3254044/



#2047 Yervant1

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Posted 14 October 2021 - 06:59 AM

News On Air, India
Oct 13 2021
 
 
EAM Jaishankar pays homage at Tsitsernakaberd Memorial Complex in Armenia
 
October 13, 2021
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar who is in Yerevan, Armenia on the third and last leg of visit to central Asia on Wednesday paid homage at the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial Complex. He had a warm and productive meeting with Foreign Minister of Armenia Ararat Mirzoyan. They discussed a roadmap to take the bilateral cooperation forward. Both agreed on enhancing the trade, education and cultural exchanges.

The Ministers recognised the shared interests in strengthening connectivity, including the International North South Transport corridor. They briefed each other on the respective regional developments. Dr. Jaishankar said, India supports the OSCE Minsk process. He assured to cooperate closely in international organisations and multilateral forums.

The External Affairs Minister met President of the National Assembly of Armenia Alen Simonyan. They discussed the importance of nurturing the bonds between the two Parliamentary democracies. They spoke about bringing the people closer together through greater cooperation in different domains. Dr. Jaishankar appreciated the National Assembly President’s perspective on regional and international issues of shared interest.

Dr. Jaishankar paid homage to Mahatma Gandhi at his statue in Yerevan. Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan also paid tributes. Together, they planted a tree of friendship. He met Indian students and Armenian friends of India in Yerevan. He appreciated the efforts made by the Government of Armenia for the welfare of Indian students.

The External Affairs Minister called on Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan. He conveyed greetings of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The meeting brought out the many convergences and shared outlook of the two countries. Both sides agreed to develop a broad agenda of practical cooperation that is to the mutual benefit.

Dr. Jaishankar visited the Matenadaran library in Yerevan. In a tweet, he said, the Armenia-India connect is visible in the library. A copy of the Mahabharata in Sanskrit and first Armenian newspaper and Constitution that were published in Madras is in the library. Paintings of the Ajanta caves by noted Armenian Artist Sarkis Khachaturian is at the National Gallery of Armenia in Yerevan.






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