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Germany & the Genocide

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#101 Yervant1


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Posted 20 September 2016 - 01:35 PM

Hurriyet, Turkey
Sept 19 2016

Turkish government allows German MP’s to visit İncirlik in October


The Turkish government has allowed German lawmakers visit to the
İncirlik Air Base in the southern province of Adana in October upon
their request, Deputy Prime Minister Nurettin Canikli said on Sept.

“We had not allowed their visit to İncirlik base due to decisions
taken by the German parliament regarding the 1915 incidents. We had
implemented that politics due to such absurd, meaningless and delusive
decisions. However, Merkel announced later that this was not a
judicial but a political decision. This is an announcement that meets
our expectations. Therefore, from now on we will allow German
parliamentarians to visit in line with their demands. They had
requests on the issue. A permission has been given to them to enable
their visit in October. It is on their own discretion to visit or
not,” Canikli told reporters after a cabinet meeting in Ankara.

Strained relations between Ankara and Berlin due to the Armenian bill,
labeling the World War I-era killing of Anatolian Armenians as
“genocide,” worsened after Turkey rejected a German parliamentary
delegation’s visit in late June to İncirlik Air Base, which hosts 250
German troops, six surveillance jets and a refueling tanker.

Berlin had threatened the removal of its military presence at the base
to another regional country in response. The German troops and jets at
İncirlik contribute to the U.S.-led coalition against the Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Iraq and Syria.

Earlier, Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu had said the government had
given permission to visit German parliamentarians’ visit after
authorities met Ankara’s expectations.



#102 Yervant1


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Posted 05 October 2016 - 08:05 AM

Bundestag decision on Genocide ‘final and unchangeable’ – German lawmaker  

13:03 • 05.10.16


A senior German lawmaker shared his comments on the Bundestag’s resolution recognizing the Armenian Genocide as he met with reporters in Yerevan’s Genocide commemoration park (Tsitsernakaberd) on Wednesday morning.

In comments to the state news agency Armenpress, Vice President of the Bundestag Johannes Singhammer described the move as the right decision by his country’s chief lawmaking body.

“Yes, we have decided to submit the resolution on the Genocide in the German Parliament, and after long discussions we adopted it. I think it was a step towards the truth, and the truth is a step forward towards the peace; in other words, this was a step aimed at achieving peace. 100 years have already passed: I think time has come for doing that. We will be able to go to the future if we remember the past. It is a necessity”, he said.

Asked to comment on Turkey’s reaction to the measure, the German legislator said, “Our decision in the German Parliament is final and we will not change it”.

Germany’s parliament adopted the resolution on the "Remembrance and commemoration of the genocide of Armenians and other Christian minorities in 1915 and 1916" on June 2, 2016.  


#103 Yervant1


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Posted 06 November 2016 - 09:25 AM

Deustche Welle, Germany
Nov 3 2016
Cash fines for hate speech directed at German-Turkish officials

Two people have been fined for hurling online abuse at two German politicians of Turkish origin. Both officials had backed the parliament's "Armenia Genocide" resolution, angering many Turks and Erdogan supporters.



A Berlin court handed financial fines to two people who directed online abuse at German parliamentarians of Turkish origin, according to media reports on Thursday.

A Turkish national was handed a fine of 600 euros ($665) for comments aimed atBundestag member Sevim Dagdelen, of the Left party, on Facebook.

Another man was fined 700 euros for verbally abusing the co-leader of Germany's Green Party, Cem Özdemir. In return, charges against him were dropped, at least provisionally.

Dagdelen and Özdemir had backed the German parliament's Armenian genocide resolution in July, which formally labeled the Ottoman Empire's killing of 1.5 million Armenians and other Christian minorities during World War I as  "genocide." Both officials were subsequently bombarded with online abuse from Turkish nationalists, including those residing in Germany.

Both targeted officials welcomed the court's decision. "It is good that the internet is not a lawless environment," Dagdelen told the "Berliner Zeitung" newspaper. "I hope that the judgment has a deterring effect." However, there remain outstanding threats of violence and murder that must be curtailed, she said. "I intend to pursue these civil claims."

Watch video 02:01
Bundestag stands by MPs of Turkish descent

Özdemir said that he welcomed the court's decision to punish online insults and threats. However, "some state prosecutors are reacting too cautiously," he said. "Some take the issue seriously within our formidable democracy. Others are somewhat more lenient."

The German parliament's Armenia resolution sparked anger in Turkey and Germany alike among supporters of Turkey's president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Following the vote, Erdogan even questioned the Turkish roots of the German-Turkish parliamentarians who supported the resolution, saying they should be blood-tested.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel hit back at Erdogan's comments, calling the accusations "incomprehensible." German-Turkish politicians are elected freely, she said, and do not have to see eye-to-eye with the Turkish leader.

Turkey also promptly recalled its ambassador to Germany following the vote, reassigning him back to Berlin in October.

dm/msh (epd, dpa, AFP)


#104 Yervant1


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Posted 20 December 2016 - 11:46 AM

Dec 19 2016

German court rejects suits against Armenian ‘genocide’ vote

By The Associated Press December 19, 2016 5:26 am

BERLIN (AP) — Germany’s highest court has rejected a string of
complaints against a decision by the country’s parliament to label the
killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks a century ago as genocide.

The Federal Constitutional Court threw out eight complaints against
the resolution approved by lawmakers in June.

It published one of the decisions Monday, in which judges said the
plaintiff had failed to provide sufficient evidence that his
fundamental rights had been violated and that no such violation was

3-day work week for DC area feds due to inauguration.

The parliamentary vote infuriated the Turkish government and prompted
it to withdraw its ambassador from Berlin for a few months.


Ankara also refused to let German lawmakers visit German military
personnel stationed at Turkey’s Incirlik air base, but relented after
the German government stressed the resolution isn’t legally binding.


#105 Yervant1


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Posted 03 January 2017 - 10:50 AM

German Reich and the Armenian Genocide
by Rolf Hosfeld and Christin Pschichholz
ISBN: 978-3-8353-1897-7
ca. € 29,90

During the First World War, the Ottoman Empire was a crucial ally of Germany’s. With the beginning of the Armenian persecution by Turkey, which, through extensive deportations and massacres, had been launched into a genocide by the spring of 1915, the German Reich was inevitably involved in the events. This affected the military, the German Embassy, ​​consular personnel and German civilians on the ground, as well as the national political and military power centers of the German Reich. How deeply was Germany entangled in the Ottoman/Armenian situation? Was there German responsibility involved in the genocide? Was there any significant contradiction in placing the entire fault with the Ottoman Empire, or did Germany deserve some blame as well?

The authors show how civilian populations have increasingly become the target of military and radical measures of population policy. There were advocates and opponents. In summary, a moral-free obligation can be diagnosed by means of a war-related "realpolitik," which did not remain without consequences for the German post-war mentality.


With contributions from, among others: 

Aschot Hayruni, Rolf Hosfeld, Isabell Hull, Stefan Ihrig, 

Hilmar Kaiser, Hans-Lukas Kieser, Carl Alexander Krethlow, 

Mark Levene, Christin Pschichholz, Thomas Schmutz 

and Ronald Gregor Suny.




#106 Yervant1


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Posted 06 January 2017 - 10:19 AM

Drawing conclusion: six months after the recognition of the Ottoman Genocide against Armenians and other Christians

21:11 • 05.01.17


Tessa Hofmann
Professor,  scholar of Armenian studies and sociology,
Free University of Berlin

It took 101 years until the German lawmakers formally recognized the genocide against one and a half million Ottoman Armenians, several hundred thousand Aramaic speaking Christians and more than a million Greek Orthodox Christians, the latter being victims both of the subsequent Young Turkish and Kemalist regimes during 1912-1922. The recognition came not only against a longstanding tradition of indifference and ignorance of official Germany, but also amidst highly troubled Turkish-German relations on governmental levels. How ambivalent the position of the German government was (and is), showed only three months later on September 2nd, 2016, when the Government’s speaker during a press conference by the Federal Government repeatedly emphasized that the Bundestag’s resolution of June 2, 2016, was of non-legislative character and subsequently did not bear any legally binding character, but simply expressed the opinion of the German parliament.

It was obvious to all observers that such statements were mainly caused by the Federal Government’s fear that Erdoğan might cancel the EU-Turkey agreements on refugees. It is noteworthy in this context to understand that in German media the genocide recognition of 2 June is usually quoted as the ‘Armenia resolution’ (“Armenienresolution”), as if there is no connection between this resolution and Turkey or the Ottoman Empire, at least. It is one of many, albeit minor indicators of continuing German evasiveness.

As a democracy, Germany is characterized by the functional division of power and an independent legal system with constitutionality. Whereas the Federal Government attempts to downplay the relevance of the parliamentary genocide recognition, the highest German court, the Constitutional Court, rejected on 7 December 2016 the constitutional complaint of several Germany based Turkish NGOs against the parliamentary resolution. The Constitutional Court ruled that the applicants had not proven in which way the resolution violates the applicants’ basic rights; furthermore, the Court did not allow any revision against its decision.

Coming to conclusions, we have the following positive effects of the German recognition campaign, as started in 1999 by several German and Germany based Armenian NGOs: Numerous publications in German media and by German publishing houses have significantly increased the overall awareness of the Ottoman genocide, in particular of the Armenian case. The peak of this cultural and publicist recognition was naturally in 2015. Under the impression of intense and immense media coverage, the Bundestag commemorated on April 24, 2015, the genocide against the Armenians, and in June 2016 issued an according resolution.

In this resolution, the German lawmakers commissioned the government with precise tasks to foster the Armenian-Turkish dialogue and reconciliation. It is now time to interpret and implement these measures, not only in foreign, but also in domestic policies. First of all, the Ottoman genocide(s) should be incorporated into the school curricula and textbooks for genocide awareness education and history. However, in school education, the 16 German Federal States (“Land”) are autonomous. So far, only two Federal states – the Land Brandenburg and the Land Sachsen-Anhalt – developed and published instructions for implementing the Armenian/Ottoman Genocide(s) into history education, albeit on a voluntary and not on a mandatory base.

The public discourse about such inclusion is polarized: While several education politicians of the “Länder” articulated that a pluralist post-migrant society should include the commemoration of the various immigrant communities, including genocide commemoration, the umbrella organizations of Turkish and Turkey born immigrants announced fierce resistance should the Armenian genocide ever be ‘imposed’ on Turkish school children in Germany.

Subsequently, there remains still a lot to do for Armenian and first of all German NGOs to overcome such rejection; as a German scholar on history and memory politics has noted, it is always the ethnic majority of a country that eventually determines what and in which way will be remembered. In other words: Interested Armenian self-organizations will have to convince German decision-makers why it is necessary to include the case of the Ottoman genocide(s) into school teaching. Useful allies in this forthcoming discourse might be the two German educationalist trade unions, but also individual scholars and educationalists who published on according topics.

September 2017 brings new parliamentary elections in Germany. It is a good occasion for all stakeholders to ask candidates, parties and factions about their positions on an inclusive genocide awareness education in German schools.


#107 Yervant1


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Posted 13 February 2017 - 10:09 AM

German Court bans Party founded by Turks

The Court in Cologne has banned the Allianz Deutscher Demokraten (Alliance of German Democrats) Party, TRT reports.

The Court has justified the decision with the similarity of the party logo with the logo of the right-wing AfD party, which could lead to confusion in the vote.

The Alliance of German Democrats was founded 7 months ago by entrepreneur Remzi Aru, lawyer Ramazan Akbas and Halil Ertem to prevent the adoption of the Armenian Genocide reolution adopted by the German Bundestag.


#108 Yervant1


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Posted 16 February 2017 - 12:35 PM

Germany's Constitutional Court not to accept claim for cancelling bill about recognition of Armenian Genocide

00:03, 16.02.2017


Germany's Constitutional Court refused to accept the appeal for cancelling the bill that recognized the events of 1915 as the Armenian Genocide.

As the Turkish BirGun reports, the German Constitutional Court did not accept the appeal, stating that there are not sufficient evidences that the recognition of the Armenian Genocide violates any laws. The Turkish representative, Ramazan Akbash, announced that they will submit the appeal to the European Court of Human Rights in two days.


#109 Yervant1


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Posted 14 December 2017 - 02:56 PM

Public Radio of Armenia
Dec 14 2017
Turkish AKP politician linked to protests against Armenian Genocide Resolution in Germany

A Turkish parliamentarian has provided money to a boxing gang in Germany to buy weapons, organize protests and go after critics of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Deutsche Wellereports.

Metin Kulunk, a member of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and close confidant of Erdogan, directly and indirectly provided money to the Turkish nationalist Osmanen Germania, according to research by Frontal 21, an investigative news program on public broadcaster ZDF and the daily Stuttgarter Nachrichten.

The investigation was based on German police phone taps and surveillance of the group leaked to the news organizations.

It suggests a relationship between Osmanen Germania and Kulunk, as well as the Turkish intelligence agency MIT, the AKP’s European lobby and Erdogan himself.

Osmanen Germania describes itself as a boxing club and “brotherhood,” but authorities have long suspected it of being involved in criminal activity and violence. It is estimated to have 20 chapters and 2,500 members in Germany.

According to police investigations, Osmanen Germania was instructed by Kulunk to go after Kurds and critics of Erdogan living in Germany. He also allegedly organized protests against last year’s Armenian genocide resolution passed by the German parliament.

According to the source, in June 2016, specialists from the Hamburg criminal office observed Kulunk personally hand Bagci two envelopes in Berlin. The envelopes were believed to be full of money.

Moments later Kulunk called Erdogan and organized protests against the Armenian genocide resolution in the German parliament. Osmanen Germania participated in the protests.


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