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#1 Arpa



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Posted 06 March 2014 - 10:06 AM

ԽՐԻՄ also spelled ՂՐԻՄ Crimea
A timely Topic as the the world is abuzz with news about that Peninsula.

A History of Armenians in Crimea
In the 8th century, Crimea was a part of the Byzantine Empire, with Armenians, as its subjects, moving here from various cities of the empire. The regions stability allowed them to achieve economic prosperity, uninterrupted even in the face of the Mongolian invasions.
Hardships in Armenia drove increasing number of Armenians to Crimea, with Armenians becoming the 2nd biggest ethnic group after Crimean Tatars. In 1475, Crimea became part of the Ottoman Empire, and Christian persecutions began. Despite the strengthening of Islam in the region, Armenian communities still existed in Kaffa, Karasubazar, Balaklava, Gezlev, Perekop and Surkhat. From 1778-1779, more than 22,000 Armenians were resettled in the Azov province.
In 1783, the Russian Empire conquered the Crimean khanate. Russian authorities encouraged the settlement of foreign colonists, including Armenians, into Crimea. This led to a fresh wave of Armenian immigrants, reviving former settlements. In 1913, their numbers totaled around 9,000 and 14,000-15,000 in 1914. The resettlement of Armenians in the peninsula lasted until the First World War and the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire in 1915-1923. The immigrants of the 19th and 20th centuries were largely from Western Armenia and the various regions of the Ottoman Empire.
In 1944, the Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union, Lavrentiy Beria signed Directorate 5984 to deport 37,000 Bulgarians, Greeks and Armenians. The Armenians were deported to Perm Oblast, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast, Kemerovo Oblast, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan and Kazakhstan.
In 1989, the communal life of Crimeas Armenians was institutionalized with the formation of one of the peninsulas first national-cultural associations, the Armenian Luys (Light) society. Later, after re-registration in 1996, it was renamed the Crimean Armenian Society. At present, the Crimean Armenian Society consists of 14 regional offices, coordinated by the National Council of Crimean Armenians. The highest governing body is the National Congress, which convenes at least once every four years. Operational management of the society is carried out by the executive committee, which functions in the periods between meetings of the National Council. The society operates the Luys cultural and ethnographic center and publishes a monthly newspaper, Dove Masis. The one-hour Armenian-language program Barev airs twice a month on Crimean television, and radio broadcasts are made five times a week. There are Armenian churches in Yalta, Feodosiya and Evpatoria, while the first Armenian secondary school opened in 1998 in Simferopol.
Armenians living in the Crimea are currently concentrated in the cities of Armyansk, Simferopol, Evpatoria, Feodosiya, Kerch, Yalta, Sevastopol, Sudak. The Armenia Diaspora Encyclopedia indicates that there were 20,000 Armenians living in the region in 2003.

One of Crimeas most famous Armenians was painter Hovhannes Aivazovsky, renowned for his seascapes such as this one. The Ninth Wave (1850)
The Armenians were mostly adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church. There were a number of churches built in Yalta, Feodosiya and Yevpatoria. Construction activity took place from the 14th century and according to one manuscript the monastery of Gamchak had been built by the fifteenth century in Kafa.
In Kafa, there were a number of Armenian schools, dozens of churches, banks, trading houses, caravanserai, and craftshops. The town was served as a spiritual center for the Crimean Armenians, and its stature grew so prominently that that in 1438 the Armenians of Kafa were invited to send representatives to the Ferrara-Florence Cathedral (Florence ecumenical council).
The second largest Armenian population after Kafa in the same period was Surkhat. The name of Surkhat is probably a distorted form of the name of the Armenian monastery Surb Khach (Holy Cross). There were many Armenian churches, schools, neighborhoods here as well. Other major settlements included Sudak, where until the last quarter of the 15th century and near the monastery Surb Khach there was a small Armenian town called Kazarat. Armenian princes kept troops there and on a contractual basis to defend Kafa.
The social life of the Crimean Armenians surged in the late 19th and 20th centuries. They organized themselves into community organizations. Wealthy Armenians and the church tried to raise the nation to the level of modern civilization, and to carry out charitable activities. The source of money and material welfare of the church were grants, wills, and donations.
The churchs role in the colonies was to some extent becoming secularized. In 1842, the Catholicos in Crimea lost his position to the Chief Guardian of the Crimean Armenian churches.
Surb Khach Monastery is a medieval Armenian monastery located on the Crimean peninsula near Staryi Krym and founded in 1358. It has been an Armenian spiritual center and a place of pilgrimage for centuries.
Crimea gave the world many outstanding Armenians, including world-renowned painter Hovhannes Ayvazovsky, composers Alexander Spendiarov and Christopher Kara-Murza, and artist Vardges Sureniants.**
At present, no significant outflow of Armenians from Crimea has been noted, with Armenians safe here, unlike in Syria. However, considering the unpredictability of the development of events in Ukraine, the possibility of a dangerous situation should not be ruled out.
**To see more about them we will go to Famous Armenians, Kara Murza et al.
I dont know why HH Catholicos Mkrtich Vanetsi had a family surname/nickmane -Khrimian.
To not forget that Ivan the terrible ras-Putin ,

Edited by Arpa, 06 March 2014 - 10:08 AM.

#2 gamavor


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Posted 06 March 2014 - 03:05 PM

Lets not forget what Crimeans did couple of years ago. It was a BIG slap in the face of the Turks, since a lot of Crimeans are acctualy tatars!


20.05.2005 08:20

/PanARMENIAN.Net/ The Crimean Supreme Rada decreed to declare April 24 the Day of Commemoration of the Armenian Genocide Victims. The decision was made at the suggestion of deputy Sergey Shuvaynikov, the head of the Congress of Russian Communities of Crimea. 59 out 62 deputies present in the sitting hall voted in favor. “Our history should record such memorable days. I think the Armenian community will be grateful to us”, Shuvaynikov said when addressing the session, IA Regnum reports.

And this....

KIEV—A bill recognizing the Armenian Genocide introduced in Ukraine’s Parliament has angered the chairman of so-called Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People, reported the Yerkramas Armenian newspaper published in Krasnodar, Russia.

“Even if the bill passes the Parliament, I don’t believe the President will have enough will to sign it,” Mustafa Dzhemilev, the Crimean Tatar leader and member of the Ukranian Parliament said.

He called the legislation an “inconsiderate and unsound step” by the Ukrainian Parliament.

“The number of Turkic people in Ukraine is much greater than that of Armenians. The authors of the bill should be aware of the consequences its adoption could lead to,” Dzhemilev said, adding that Ukraine’s relations with Azerbaijan, Turkey and other Turkic nations could be jeopardized in the event of the bill’s passage.

Dzhemilev was quoted by Polemika.com.ua news agency as saying that he will talk to Arsen Avakov, one of the co-authors of the bill, who is a member of his own Batkivshchyna Party.

“I will tell him that this step is unacceptable. If the faction supports the decision, I will withdraw from it. At the same time, we’ll tell other parliament members that the measure would be a blow to Ukraine’s foreign policy,” he said.

Dzhemilev also warned of wide-spread protests by Turkic people in Ukraine.

The bill on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1922 perpetrated at the hands of the Ottoman Empire was introduced in the Ukrainian Supreme Rada. The document has been authored by member of the Batkivshchyna Party Arsen Avakov, members of the Party of Regions Vilen Shatvoryan and Never Mkhitaryan.

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