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#340368 Sos Vilage Artsakh

Posted by gamavor on 25 January 2017 - 09:53 AM

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#340809 The World according to ancient Rome

Posted by gamavor on 11 April 2017 - 02:24 AM

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#340200 Բեխալաթ

Posted by Yervant1 on 03 January 2017 - 02:45 PM

I think, it means mistake or a flaw and the բեխալատ would be the opposite of flaw, I mean flawless. I'm just going with the sentence structure and the Arabic word Khalat means mistake or a flaw, maybe that's where the origin is.

I hope this helps.

I believe the babies flaw is not falling sleep. The last sentence which says that you have one flaw, you don't sleep and stay awake. 

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#339824 Autumn of my Homeland

Posted by onjig on 13 October 2016 - 11:57 AM

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#337201 Armenia develops water-saving innovative fertilizer

Posted by gamavor on 12 January 2016 - 10:44 AM


YEREVAN. A new fertilizer has been developed in Armenia, and to save water.

Director of Eco Technology company, Ashot Baghdasaryan, told Armenian News-NEWS.am that the granules of this fertilizer collect the water from the soil, and return it to the plant when and as needed.

And the granules of our fertilizer not only accumulate water, but also the useful nutrients, Baghdasaryan explained.

In addition, this fertilizer eliminates excess water, so that the roots of the plants do not decay.

As per the company manager, this fertilizer helps to increase crop yields by 40 to 60 percent.

Furthermore, this material biologically decomposes, and therefore it leaves no residues in the soil.

The fertilizer, which is called Aquasource, underwent several tests among volunteer farmers.

Also, it is tested with a number of international projects.

Ashot Baghdasaryan said Iran, Russia, the US, India, the United Arab Emirates, and even in distant South Africa and Namibia are interested in this new fertilizer.
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#337198 Do you trust Russia or the United States more and why?

Posted by Yervant1 on 11 January 2016 - 01:27 PM

The chances that Russia will help us to free Western Armenia is as much as the help that we will get from the rest of the world, which is zero. We should rely on ourselves only.

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Posted by Yervant1 on 19 December 2014 - 10:42 AM


The Harvell Gazette, MA
Dec 18 2014

Tom Vartabedian Haverhill Gazette

Hard to believe that I've waited until close to the last moment to
wish everyone a joyful Christmas.

It's only because I'm strapped for cash after going bonkers this year
and decided I'd use my best resources to get the word out.

Nothing easier and cheaper than to convey my intentions through
this Almanac column. It's okay. You don't have to reciprocate. I get
enough afterthoughts leading up to the New Year and beyond, if you
count Armenian Christmas on Jan. 6.

So let's begin by wishing my family the very best -- my wife, Nancy,
with whom I'll be celebrating our 50th anniversary on Feb. 19. I
chose that date because it was her birthday and I couldn't think of
a better time to exchange our vows.

Cheers go out to the other three favorite people in my life --
children Sonya, Ara and Raffi -- and the six grandchildren in our
lives. Get set for Disneyworld, guys. We've got a lot of celebrating
to do this February in the land of unbroken dreams.

Let's hit the newspaper crowd next -- editor Bill Cantwell, who
peruses my columns each week and makes them readable, along with
climbing cohorts Dave Dyer, Paul Tennant and Mike LaBella. I still
remember that time we got stranded on Mount Katahdin in Maine and
spent the night on a rock studying the stars. Turned out to be a
pretty decent Almanac, as I recall.

You'll find me three afternoons a week playing racquetball at
the Haverhill YMCA. Maybe George Yell will let me win a game this
Christmas. Welcome Clint "CJ" Clay. You're the next generation. I
marvel at the job Executive Director Tracy Fuller does in keeping
that facility intact. Kudos to you, too.

You'll also see me browsing up a storm at the library -- a true
resource for our community -- and all that it avails to me, whether
books, CDs or DVDs. I am proud to admit that both my sons secured
their Eagle Scout badges by doing community projects for the library.

Not a bad consideration for any good scout.

As the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide approaches in 2015,
the congregation at our Armenian Church at Hye Pointe is already at
work planning a milestone commemoration in the community. Watch for
details. While I'm at it, good luck to all those involved with the
church's building project in Ward Hill. It's been a long time in
the making.

Greetings and salutations go out to my doctor, Peter Rees, for keeping
me agile. He sets a fine example for health and fitness. And to my
cardiologist Salmon (Sonny) Ghiasuddin for saving me from expiration --
not once but twice. It's been 10 years since I've become "pipe free."

Same goes for Dr. Alan Gonick and his staff at Greenleaf. Be true to
your teeth -- otherwise they will become false. He makes a root canal
seem so tolerable. My sentiments also go out to Dr. Alvin Yadgood,
my oral surgeon at Northern Essex. I cannot say enough about implants.

I marvel at the work being done by cohorts Kathy Bresnahan and Rita
LaBella in organizing a myriad of activities at the Council on Aging.

There's no reason why any senior citizen in this city should be bored.

The guy behind it all is head honcho Vinny Ouellette, who seems to
have more arms than an octopus.

The ping-pong vibrations you may hear Monday nights come from West
Meadow Road, where some pretty hot table tennis activity is heard. Bob
Baillargeron and Malcolm Anderson are two fine players who don't act
their age. May their paddles always keep them young.

Special Christmas greetings go out to the sick and the infirmed of
this city, those who will spend the holiday in hospitals and nursing
homes. It's not the place you want to be. May you be joined by family
and friends.

Extended wishes are conveyed to the caregivers and medical support
staffers who must work this day to keep the health system mobilized
and in good hands. Santa applauds you.

Here's a greeting to all the police and firefighters who maintain
their constant vigil, holidays or not. And to all those who do not
celebrate Christmas. May some of you get caught up in the spirit,
whether you're a Christian or not.

For one brief day, bury all the bad news and put a moratorium on crime
and punishment. Let's finally end this terrible plight in the Middle
East and live in a world where peace and harmony work hand-in-hand.

Above all, let's put Christ back into Christmas and honor the day
for what it was intended.

If you're looking for the perfect last-minute gift, try this. Human
kindness costs nothing and goes the furthest.



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#301582 Repat Armenia

Posted by Nané on 28 January 2013 - 12:35 PM

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#299973 Man oh man does Armenia have a way with you!

Posted by man on 19 December 2012 - 03:24 AM

Post-Armenia Blues

Posted on December 15, 2012

Nathalie Kazandjian aka Nat K
(Canada, AVC ‘ 12)

The "Welcome Home Natty" poster along with friends and family were what greeted me as I made my way past the Arrival gates of the Montreal Trudeau Airport. In that instant, I felt pretty good about coming home. However, as the days went by, the post-Armenia blues violently kicked in as soon as I found myself doing the same old things I used to do. Suddenly, things that seemed so familiar felt foreign and strange. It was a whole new culture shock but it was real and unfortunately, there wasn’t much I could do about it. The problem was not coming home to friends and family. The problem itself was leaving Armenia. For the little bit that I was back, I couldn’t even look at my photos nor talk about it for fear of being overcome with even more heartbreak and anguish than I already felt. I missed everything and everyone that belonged to my life in Armenia.

Before I know it, I found myself longing for Armenia. I missed waking up every morning to hearing my host mother say “ Parev parev garmir arev siroon jan”. I missed walking down 58 district to catch the marshrutka, 100 drams in hand and giving my regular Parev to the locals. I missed walking home from work and being greeted by the cutest little munchkins from my neighborhood showering me with hugs and kisses. I missed finishing the night off with a nice cup of MacCoffee alongside my host sisters while watching Armenian soap operas. I missed staying up with Nvartig, my baby host sister, till late at night drawing, coloring, playing cards, checkers, chess and teaching her English. I missed going to Ponchig Monchig and ordering a ridiculous amount of food. I missed going to the khorovadz place near the OLA center and engaging into a 45 minute conversation with the cook each and every time. I missed getting a ridiculous amount of daily texts and reminders from Allegra. I missed joining my Armenian brothers and sisters over weekend excursions. I missed running in the SAS supermarket and yelling like a crazy person “where’s the Ttvaser ?” before boarding our marshrukta to head back home. As well, as Heeng dzap, Marshrukta 9, besties crew, whatever your face, tracking down wifi, Le Cafe and Sevan’s inspirational speeches among many other things.

The desire to connect to people and the joy of making the connection was life affirming. The physical intensity of the excursions was invigorating. The time walking alone, listening to my own footsteps, sitting in the marshrukta watching the sunset, gazing at the stars was refreshing. Most of all, I long for the way I felt when I was in the Motherland. I felt alive, free, inspired and grateful. Man oh man does Armenia have a way with you. Each and every day there was a goal and an accomplishment that could be measured in different ways: in kilometers, in hugs, in the number of times I laughed out loud.

Although I was only gone for two months and while nothing has changed at home, everything has changed within me. Living in Armenia, gave me a deep appreciation of my life – where I live, where I work, my family and my friends. It also made me appreciate things that we too often take for granted such as the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, weeping eyes, all of which have the potential to turn a life around.

To travel to Armenia is to truly take a journey within yourself. When we leave the comfort of home and everything that we have grown to be accustomed to, we often live more simply, with no more possessions than we can carry. We tend to surrender ourselves by becoming much more accepting to the twists, turns and little surprises that life has to offer. I came to Armenia searching for answers. Instead, I left in search of better questions. Sometimes, the unexpected is just what is needed to put life into perspective.

So here I am, back to my same old routine of stop and go, impatiently waiting to graduate just to start a new adventure. All the while feeling nostalgic about my time in Armenia which can feel heavier than the far too many pounds gained abroad.

When I think about it, perhaps the post-Armenia blues is something you can never truly let go of. For it that where we love is home, home that our feet may leave, but not our hearts.

To sign off, I simply cannot say goodbye to those whom I have grown to love, for the memories we have made will last a lifetime and never a goodbye. None of this would have been possible without Birthright Armenia & Armenian Volunteer Corps. For those of you who are thinking of joining the program, I encourage you to take a leap and go for it. Armenia 2012 always in my heart.
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#339821 Erebuni 2798 Erevan -=- Happy Birthday

Posted by Yervant1 on 11 October 2016 - 09:42 AM

The capital older than Rome: Yerevan celebrating 2,798th birthday
October 8, 2016 - 11:48 AMT

PanARMENIAN.Net - Yerevan is celebrating its 2798th birthday on Saturday, October 8.

The capital and largest city of Armenia, Yerevan is one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities. Its history dates back to 782 BC, when the fortress of Erebuni was founded by king Argishti I. A cuneiform inscription proves that the Urartian military fortress was built at the site of modern-day Yerevan.

The cuneiform inscription reads: “By the greatness of the God Khaldi, Argishti, son of Menua, built this mighty stronghold and proclaimed it Erebuni for the glory of Biainili [Urartu] and to instill fear among the king's enemies. Argishti says, “The land was a desert, before the great works I accomplished upon it. By the greatness of Khaldi, Argishti, son of Menua, is a mighty king, king of Biainili, and ruler of Tushpa.”

The city is 29 years older than Rome, is the same age as Babylon and the Assyrian city of Nineveh, but unlike the latter, has become a prosperous city now.

The city’s birthday has been celebrated since 1968, when the Erebuni-Yerevan events were organized for the very first time. This year, Armenia’s capital turns 2798, and its birthday is being celebrated under the motto “Yerevan: A City of Sun”.

A great number of events for all the age-groups of the population have been organized throughout Yerevan.





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#338617 Armenian Music Videos

Posted by gamavor on 05 May 2016 - 11:45 AM

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#336892 Zhirinovsky about Turkey

Posted by gamavor on 02 December 2015 - 07:14 PM


Begs the question why Russians were feeding the turks for more than a decade? After having more than 30 wars in a period of 300 years they didn't learn anything about Turks and the way they react just shows how childish they are about politics. But it is fun and to Zhirinovsky's defence he is the first russian politician who publicly admited that Russian were helping the Turks in 1918 against Armenians.

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#334234 Tchaikovsky Gold Medal Winner Cellist Narek Hakhnazaryan Plays at the

Posted by Yervant1 on 10 August 2015 - 08:39 AM



Tchaikovsky Gold Medal Winner Cellist Narek Hakhnazaryan Plays at the
Hollywood Bowl

by MassisPost August 5, 2015, 10:20 pm
By Simon J. Simonian

On July 9, 2015 Mr. Narek Hakhnazaryan who was awarded a Gold Medal at
the 2011 XIV International Tchaikovsky Competition, the most
prestigious Prize given to a cellist, played Tchaikovsky's Rococo
Variations, Tchaikovsky's complex cello composition, with the Los
Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra with Lionel Bringuier, Conductor, at
the Hollywood Bowl. The piece is difficult and without a break for 20
minutes. His playing was outstanding and brought the audience to its
feet. Next, Mr. Hakhnazaryan announced that this year marks the 100th
Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. Los Angeles has a large Armenian

To commemorate the event he is going to play Lamentations; a suite
composed by Coleridge-Taylor Perkinson based on a Black Folk song for
solo cello, expressing a people's crying out.. He played and sang
simultaneously, something we have never seen a cellist do before,
expressing his intense agony for about ten minutes. Again he received
standing ovations.

`Mr. Hakhnazaryan projected intensity from the moment he took the
stage. To the very end his intense focus and expressive artistry never
flagged.' The New York Times. `A phenomenal cellist. He produces a
powerful and colorful sound in all registers, nails every big shift
and flashes all the virtuosos tricks with insolent ease. He should
have a stellar career.' The Washington Post. Mr. Hakhnazaryan has
since established himself as one of the finest cellists of his
generation. He was born October 23, 1988, now aged 26 in Yerevan,
Armenia. He began playing cello at age six at Sayat Nova Music School.
When 11 he and his mother moved to Moscow. He subsequently trained at
the Moscow Conservatory with a Rostropovich Fund. He received First
Prize at the Aram Khachaturian International Competition in Armenia in
2006, and in 2008 won both the First Place at the Johansen
International Competition for Young String Players, and First Prize at
the International Auditions of the Young Concert Artists. He obtained
an Artist Diploma at the New England Conservatory, and currently plays
David Tecchler's cello dated 1698. He lives in Boston. Reference:
Wikipedia. Mr. Narek Hakhnazaryan has received support from many
admirers, among them Annie Simonian Totah who serves on the Board of
Directors of Young Concert Artists.

Simon J. Simonian, has served as a Violinist of the London Hospitals
Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis, Conductor. He serves as a
Minister of the Religious Society of Friends, the Quakers who shared a
Nobel Prize for Peace in 1947. He has also served as a Medical
Scientist in the team which is a Nobel Prize nominee for the
production of the first freeze-dried smallpox vaccine which was used
by the World Health Organization, to eradicate smallpox in 1977, the
first disease eradicated in history, which saves two million lives
each year, approximately 70 million lives to date..




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#332644 Farewell Dear Arpa

Posted by Vanetsi on 28 May 2015 - 10:06 AM

I always looked forward to hearing his input. He was very knowledgable on a broad range of topics. His depth of knowledge gave this forum another dimension. He will be dearly missed. RIP Arpa.

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#328646 Anya Pogharian invents $500 dialysis machine

Posted by Yervant1 on 09 February 2015 - 11:43 AM


February 9, 2015

CBC, Montreal - Seventeen-year-old Anya Pogharian's high school science
project could end up changing the way dialysis care is delivered.

After poring over online dialysis machine owner's manuals, she
developed a new prototype using simple technology.

While machines currently cost about $30,000, hers would cost just
$500 -- making it more affordable for people to buy and have at home.

Pogharian was inspired by volunteering at a hospital dialysis unit.

When she was assigned a high school science project, she chose to work
on a new kind of dialysis unit. She spent 300 hours on her invention --
well above and beyond the mandatory 10 hours.

Dialysis is the process of cleaning waste from the blood. It's
typically used for people who have kidney disease. The treatment
takes about four hours a couple times per week.

Pogharian said she wanted to find a way to improve the procedure,
which can be hard on patients.

"It takes a lot of energy out of them," said Pogharian. "They're very
tired after a dialysis treatment."

"You wouldn't have to make your way to the hospital, which is a
problem for a lot of patients. It's not necessarily easy to make
your way to the hospital three times a week, especially it you have
limited mobility," she said.

Testing it out

Her project has earned her a slew of scholarships and awards. Now,
Hema-Quebec has offered her a summer internship, to try out her
invention with real blood.

"All the population will benefit from that kind of instrument that
will reduce medical care cost, hospitalization stays. Basically,
it's a great idea," said Louis Thibault, director of applied research
at Hema-Quebec.

Pogharian said she hopes one day, her invention will be used overseas.

"Ten per cent of patients living in India and Pakistan who need
the treatment can't afford it or can't have it in any way. It's not
accessible. So that motivated me."

But Pogharian says she's focusing on doing well on her CEGEP midterm


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#322302 The City older than Rome

Posted by onjig on 29 August 2014 - 12:05 PM

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Posted by Yervant1 on 05 August 2014 - 10:56 AM


Fair Observer, CA
Aug 4 2014

By Anna Grigoryan

Despite struggling with its identity, the Armenian community in Italy
enjoys centuries-old ties with Italians.

My next destination was determined. I arrived in Milan in January
2013, right after Catholic Christmas and the New Year. Since Apostolic
Armenians around the world celebrate Christmas on January 6, I joined
the community for the festive holiday.

After carefully following directions, I arrived where Armenians of
Milan and the surrounding cities gathered to celebrate Christmas
together. The altar was carefully decorated and people in the church
were beautifully dressed, ready for the holiday just like in other
Armenian communities. I had the chance to exchange a few words with
community members and the priest, who warmly welcomed me.

These Italian-Armenians seemed very friendly and curious. They even
adopted the lively mode of Italian hand-speaking gestures. The fact
of being in a charming country like Italy, the beautiful atmosphere
of the church, and the familiar religious paintings and writings made
me feel at home. I was convinced the Armenian Church in Milan would
become one of my favorite places in the city.

Travel Through Time

During the 6th and 8th centuries, many Armenians migrated to Italy.

But the first Armenian communities were officially established much
later, in the 12th and 13th centuries, when active trade was developed
between the Armenian Cilician Kingdom and the big city republics of
the Italian peninsula such as Genoa, Venice and Pisa. Since trade was
a lucrative industry, Italian and Armenian merchants played a key role
in sustaining Italian-Armenian ties. Armenian merchants in Florence
would gather and tell stories about Armenia, the first nation in the
world that adopted Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD.

Among the attentive and curious listeners was Leonardo da Vinci who,
upon being impressed by stories of Armenian merchants, decided to visit
Cilicia and recorded his impressions about Armenia and its people in
his notebook. Although several Italian art historians argue that da
Vinci's vision was the result of his imagination, Josef Strzygowski
states that da Vinci visited Armenia. Da Vinci's geographic and
historical descriptions of Armenia in his Codex Atlanticus were
precise, meaning it is likely he traveled there.

The fact of living in a Christian country has its positive and negative
impacts on a community that strives to maintain its identity.

Interestingly, keeping the Armenian identity, which is mainly
associated with Christianity, is easier in the Middle East where the
major religion is Islam. The religious differences in the region help
preserve Armenian identity.

Throughout this time, Armenians felt welcome in Italy. In the early
18th century, the Armenian monastic congregation of the Mechitarists
was founded in Venice, on St Lazarus Island. When Napoleon conquered
Venice, and eventually closed all of its religious institutions and
the lagoon, he made an exception for this monastery, as he valued
the cultural heritage of the island so much that the congregation was
declared an academic institution. St Lazarus Island was not subjected
to any kind of confiscation. The famous monastery, with its rich
library, manuscripts depository and publishing house, and where Lord
Byron studied Armenian, is considered to be the most relevant center
of Armenian cultural heritage in Europe.

Another significant monastery is St Gregory of Armenia, which
is located in the historical center of Naples. The 16th century
Baroque-style monastery is one of the main city attractions along
with its Via San Gregorio Street, which is famous for Christmas shops.

Years down the line, the number of Armenians in Italy slowly
increased, with survivors of the Armenian genocide seeking refuge in
the country. Over time, Armenians built over 40 churches across Italy.

It is unsurprising that the first Armenian-printed books were published
in Venice in 1512. Additionally, the Armenian college, which was
named after Moorat Raphael, was founded in Venice in 1836, where many
generations of the cultural and political elite were educated over
the last two centuries. Currently, the college is still standing,
but it is inactive.

Community Life in Milan

Today, Armenians in Italy are concentrated mainly in Venice, Rome and
Milan, where the central Armenian Apostolic Church is located. The
community is not purely Italian-Armenian; many people come from the
Levant and directly from Armenia. The new and old communities in
Italy are noticeable when you meet more Armenians from around the
world than traditional Italian-Armenians. In total, Italy is home
to around 3,000 Armenians. There are many entrepreneurs, traders,
intellectuals, artists and craftsmen among them.

The fact of living in a Christian country has its positive and negative
impacts on a community that strives to maintain its identity.

Interestingly, keeping the Armenian identity, which is mainly
associated with Christianity, is easier in the Middle East where the
major religion is Islam. The religious differences in the region help
preserve Armenian identity. While in this case of Italy, the identical
religious belief and the fact of not having Armenian schools lead to
deep assimilation into Italian society, at the expense of Armenian
culture. As a result, most Italian-Armenians have gradually lost
their language.

The aforementioned churches built by Armenians in Italy remain intact,
but only few of them officially belong to the community. The rest of
them are under the control of the Holy See, which occasionally rents
them out to foreign communities for holding their religious ceremonies.

It is challenging for the well-integrated Armenian community to
preserve its identity in Italy, since the country is a large Christian
nation and there are only few Armenians. Therefore, assimilation is a
given, especially for younger generations that usually do not speak the
Armenian language. On the other hand, many of them learn Armenian and
are keen to discover more about their culture and feel proud to keep
their identity, as argued by Father Tovma Khachatryan of the Armenian
Apostolic Church in Italy. He also added that it is critical to remain
Armenian and the first step toward that is to speak the language.

Despite not having an Armenian school in Italy, the community finds
ways to maintain and transmit its heritage. Some community members
voluntarily teach Armenian at churches and the cultural center in
Milan. Several youth programs are organized from time to time by the
Ministry of Diaspora in Armenia. The church takes pride in educating
and interpreting the importance of being Armenian and keeping the
nation's identity.

The community enthusiastically marks Armenian holidays and important
dates as these are the best gateway to bring all community members
together. Armenians from all walks of life gather to celebrate
festivals such as Christmas, St Sarkis and Lent. After the holy mass
and spiritual enrichment, lavish food and heartwarming conversations
conclude the holidays.

One may notice the significant importance that is given to Armenian
youth in Milan. Here, young people actively join the Armenian mass
every Sunday, participate and help in organizing special events and
holidays, and assist in managing the community's online journal. These
young Armenians are mostly students who study in Milan. They are
quite busy with their jobs and everyday lives, yet they always try
to find time to dedicate to their culture and keep Armenian affairs
running in a foreign country.

Some young Armenians I spoke to are very dynamic and creative art
students, who constantly participate in exhibitions and events where
they proudly present a piece of their country. They love living and
studying in Italy and always try to combine their Italian experience
with their own identity. The outcome is positive and promising in
their own words. Armenian youth also appreciate all they have learned
and experienced in Italy through its culture.

On April 24, the Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day, Italian senators
discussed the need for international recognition of the genocide, and
argued that Italians should be more aware of the historical tragedy.

For this purpose, a special education program will be introduced in
Italian schools.

Today, Italian-Armenian ties are as strong as ever. The bond between
these two nations is growing and each of them have their own particular
contribution to a centuries-old friendship, be it cultural, economic
or political.

The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not
necessarily reflect Fair Observer's editorial policy.


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Posted by Yervant1 on 14 August 2013 - 09:42 AM

The Achod Amassian family in Aleppo, circa 1913, young Josephine Mangasarian pictured fifth from left - See more at:
13:55, 14 August, 2013

YEREVAN, 14 AUGUST, ARMENPRESS: The late Josephine Mangasarian's
Diyarbakir Exodus is more than the story of a singular life; the
memoir is an extensive family history - the interconnected stories
of Mangasarian's mother's, father's and husband's families - between
the years 1895 and 1927. In April, the Mangasarian family published
her unfinished memoir, reports Armenpress referring to Armenian
Mirror Spactator.

In 1905, Josephine Mangasarian's father, Achod Amassian, accepted
a transfer from his post at the Diyarbakir telegraph office at the
mysterious urging of the telegraph office's director and relocated
his young family there - roughly a 15-day journey. Her family was in
Aleppo at the time of the Genocide and deportations and she watched as
countless relatives came to Aleppo seeking refuge and rebuilding. At
one time, 20 people were living in her family home, many of whom were
friends and family who had fled the massacres.

Josephine Mangasarian wrote of how she collected these stories,
saying, "The events that I have described in this family memoir are
all true. The account of these incidents was related to me by the
survivors who took refuge in my family's home in Aleppo." Her father's
position at the telegraph office afforded her access to secret messages
that he decoded corroborating the mass killings and much of what she
learned was confirmed by eyewitness accounts from family members.

The publication of Diyarbakir Exodus itself was a family endeavor.

Josephine Mangasarian began the work with three detailed genealogical
charts completed in her late 80s. From there, she wrote 270 pages by
hand about her family and the events during this time period.

Josephine Mangasarian died in 2002 before she could complete the
section on the 35 years of her life spent in Baghdad, Iraq after they
left Syria. Her son, John Mangasarian, had already begun aiding his
mother in her endeavor by transcribing and typing her handwritten

Upon her death, he continued editing and assembling the materials
for the book until he passed the torch to his sister-in-law, Claire
Mangasarian, in 2010. In 2011, John Mangasarian died and she continued
editing and assembling the manuscript.

Claire Mangasarian described her mother-in-law as a "very generous
and very confident in her own ability," who had spent years of her
life working with charitable organizations in Baghdad. According
to Claire Mangasarian, Josephine was known for her "sharp mind"
and spoke five languages.

Unlike many memoirs centered on Genocide survival, "hers shows the
day-to-day life and situation of a young Armenian woman and the
experiences of these families that fled during turbulent times and
started to rebuild," said Claire Mangasarian.

In addition to the three family histories - that of the Amassians,
Kurkgys and Mangasarians - Diyarbakir Exodus includes several rare
photographs offering a visual perspective into these stories




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#306071 Bambir!!! ENJOY!!

Posted by gamavor on 31 May 2013 - 04:18 PM

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#298600 East of Byzantium

Posted by Yervant1 on 15 November 2012 - 11:05 AM


El Vaquero, The Student Newspaper of Glendale Community College, CA
Nov 14 2012

Rebecca Krueger, El Vaquero Staff Writer

Roger Kupelian is the creator of some of the most iconic worlds
in contemporary cinema, such as the "Lord of the Rings "trilogy,
and he has constructed a new world in his latest endeavor, "East
of Byzantium."

With the job title of matte painter, it's up to Kupelian to paint
and digitally enhance the environments and backdrops of the movies
he works on.

"East of Byzantium" is Kupelian's recently published graphic novel
series and he is looking to make it into not only a mini-documentary
series, but into a major motion picture.

Kupelian promoted his latest project at the Glendale Central Library
Auditorium on Thursday.

"East of Byzantium" spans 150 years of Armenian history starting at
301 A.D. when Armenia became the first Christian state in history.

"Persia and the Roman Empire were warring with one another and between
this collision is Armenia," said Kupelian. "Emperor Diocletian sent an
exiled Armenian king back to claim Armenia as an ally of Rome. That
changed that region of the world forever. It set a series of events
in motion and altered not only the balance between empires, but the
balance of religions and cultures."

The story covers the aftermath of the Armenian king's reinstatement
and his people's division by religious tension. Armenia's monarchy is
soon toppled by the Persian army and the remnants of wealthy noble
families become rivals. The warring nobility's allegiance is deeply
rooted in its pagan (Persian) or Christian (Roman) heritage.

The constant bloodshed leads into the year 451 A.D. and Kupelian's
interpretation of St. Vartan Mamigonian, the most venerated saint in
the Armenian Orthodox Church.

"I wanted a Vartan that was very different than the one history
depicts," said Kupelian. "I wanted a Vartan that I can relate to. I
wanted someone that was in the mud, on the battlefield and was
struggling for his life, because that moment is glory for a warrior."

Kupelian painted his first image of Vartan in New Zealand, on the
set of "Lord of the Rings."

Working on "Lord of the Rings" sparked Kupelian's desire to write
the screenplay for "East of Byzantium" that also prompted the graphic
novel, but his foundation and passion for this story delves deep into
his childhood.

Growing up in Sierra Leone, Africa, Kupelian was apart of the minority,
being one of the very few African-Armenian kids in the region.

"You realize when I was growing up that I was a part of the United
Nations. Out of a mixed group I was the Armenian kid in Africa," said
Kupelian. "That is where my sense of identity came from. My parents
made sure that I understood our history, mythology and culture. I
knew where I came from."

During his childhood, Armenia was under the control of Soviet Russia.

When Kupelian was two and a half years old, his father took him to
the harbor in Freetown, Sierra Leone, where there was a Soviet ship
docking named Armenia.

"The ship was being sent around for propaganda purposes," said
Kupelian, "so, of course with a ship called Armenia there were soldiers
from Soviet-Armenia."

The Soviet-Armenians were exiting the ship when Kupelian was perched
on his dad's shoulders. His dad told him, "these are Armenians."

In response the young Kupelian recited in Armenian, "I am armenian,
I am son of Vartan, fear me."

The small chant is a loose translation of a traditional Armenian poem
about St. Vartan.

Kupelian recalls the power of his words, "There wasn't a dry eye
getting off that boat. These people were oppressed and nationalism
wasn't allowed. They didn't expect to hear something so free and
patriotic from some kid in Africa and we all grew up with that poem."

This experience has heavily impacted his love for his culture and
people. He also derives inspiration from his culture through learning
about the Armenian Genocide. Armenian culture has evolved over the
years, according to Kupelian. Armenians have gone from proud unicorns
to helpless victims.

"A culture that is thousands and thousands of years old, one hundred
years ago had to endure almost complete annihilation," said Kupelian.

"So we learned about the genocide in 1915."

He was a nationalist stuck between two conflicting emotions that are
a part of a culture that, seems to him, is always struggling.

Armenia was struggling again in 1998 when the Nagorno-Karabakh War
started and Kupelian set out to film it. "Dark Forest in the Mountains"
was Kupelian's first documentary, and the first time he directed a
movie. He started filming the war in the 1990s.

Avedis Sangigian is an Armenian-American veteran from the
Nagorno-Karabakh War who attended Kupelian's lecture. Sangigian
fought for a year and a half and was one of many Armenian Americans
that volunteered to fight.

Garo Kyahkidjian was a friend of Sangigian and is a main character
in Kupelian's documenatry. Kyahkidjian died after the war.

"I watch that documentary everyday," said Sangigian, in memory of
his old friend.

Sangigian and Kyahkidjian's bravery makes them warriors, according
to Kupelian.

"I want our next generation to see itself in terms of being a warrior,"
said Kupelian. "We must once again embrace and embody what it means
to be a warrior tribe."

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