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#561 Yervant1

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Posted 22 September 2022 - 07:23 AM

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Sept 21 2022
 
 
Is Armenia, the world’s first Christian nation, in danger of disappearing?
 

On Armenia’s Independence Day, concern that ongoing war, repeated Azeri threats constitute a jihad on the Christian country

by Nicole Jansezian | September 21, 2022

 

Armenia marks its 31st Independence Day today, celebrating its freedom on Sept. 21 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

But, these days, many Armenians are more concerned with their existence than with their independence.

Sparking new concerns, fighting renewed last week between Armenia and Azerbaijan and this time in Armenia proper, not the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. One Armenian civilian was killed, 135 soldiers and 70 Azeri soldiers were killed in this last round.

“On the one hand we are celebrating our independence, but on the other hand we are mourning the lives of our soldiers who fought against Azerbaijan last week,” Hagop Djernazian, an active member of the Armenian community in Jerusalem, told ALL ARAB NEWS. “The threat of facing another war between Armenia and Azerbaijan is putting the territorial integrity of Armenia in danger.”

The recent fighting was enough to prompt U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to lead a congressional delegation to Armenia – and to condemn Azerbaijan.

“Our meeting again had particular importance to us because of the focus on security following the illegal and deadly attacks by Azerbaijan on Armenian territory,” Pelosi said on Sunday. “We strongly condemn those attacks.”

In a statement, Pelosi explained that the delegation’s visit was “a powerful symbol of the United States’ firm commitment to a peaceful, prosperous and democratic Armenia and a stable and secure Caucasus region.”

America and Israel tread carefully in their support of Armenia in order to not rock the boat with Turkey. The Ottoman Empire was responsible for the slaughter of 1.5 million Armenians living in Turkish lands – an atrocity known as the Armenian Genocide – which is denied by Turkey to this day. The systematic killing and exile of Armenians took place over several years beginning in 1914.

President Joe Biden became the first American president to officially recognize the genocide, which he did in 2021, soon after taking office. Israel, which maintains good relations with Azerbaijan and recently restored diplomatic ties with Turkey, has not recognized the genocide.

Pelosi’s visit notwithstanding, the U.S. has been eager lately to come to Ukraine’s defense, but Armenia is likely to remain on its own.

A HOSTILE NEIGHBORHOOD

A diminishing Armenia succumbed to vast territorial gains by Turkey in 1920 and more recently to Azerbaijan in 2020 after a brief but devastating war.

Armenia is home to just less than 3 million residents who live in a hostile neighborhood in the South Caucus. The predominantly Christian country borders Georgia to the north and on its other borders are Muslim nations, including its arch enemies Turkey and Azerbaijan, and its ironic ally, Iran.

It is a complex region in which Iran and Russia are Armenia’s allies – yet both of them have their own complicated relations with Turkey.

One of Armenia’s deep concerns now, Djernazian said, is Azerbaijan moving into Armenia’s Syunik region – a sliver of land disconnecting Azerbaijan from its Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Doing so could cut off Armenia geographically from Iran.

But that is not the only territory at stake, apparently. In 2018, Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev said the Armenian capital, “Yerevan is our historical land, and we, Azerbaijanis, should return to those lands.”

“This is our political and strategic goal, and we should gradually reach it,” he added in a speech in which he also claimed the Zangezur region, in southern Armenia and the region surrounding Lake Sevan.

TERRITORIAL DISPUTE OR JIHAD?

Is the ongoing Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict a historic territorial dispute or, as some Christian advocates say, religious?

“On the surface, and as widely reported by media, this is yet another territorial dispute, this time between (Christian) Armenia and (Muslim) Azerbaijan. Beneath the surface, however, lurks that old Muslim-Christian divide, typified by jihadist hate for ‘infidels,’” writes Raymond Ibrahim, an author who frequently speaks about persecution of Christians by Muslims.

Ibrahim, who has been following the conflict, contends that the evidence of Azeri soldiers’ alleged atrocities, which have gone largely unreported, point to Islam. Take for instance last week’s rape and mutilation of a female Armenian soldier – which appears to have only been reported in Armenian media outlets and could not be independently confirmed by ALL ARAB NEWS.

“They committed atrocities in our combat positions against our servicemen, including women soldiers,” said Army Chief of Staff Edward Asryan in a briefing to diplomats. “I cannot find words to describe how they dismembered a female soldier, cut off her legs, fingers and stripped her naked. This is unheard of cruelty.”

Ibrahim writes that the “severing of this woman’s fingers is a telltale sign that jihadist motives were behind the mutilation.”

THE ARMENIAN CONNECTION TO MODERN AND ANCIENT ISRAEL

The Armenians as a people group date back to the 7th century B.C. In 301 A.D., King Tiridates III declared Christianity the national religion and thus it has remained through the centuries. It was this decision that sparked pilgrimages to Jerusalem to see the sites where Jesus was crucified, buried and rose again. And this is what led to the modern-day Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem’s Old City.

The Museum of the Bible in Washington, D.C. plans to open an exhibit focusing on Armenia’s unique connection to Christianity and the Bible, translated in Armenian as “breath of God.”

“In 2023, Museum of the Bible will open a groundbreaking exhibition focusing on the significance of the Armenian Church and people to the history of the Bible. The Bible, or the ‘breath of God’ in Armenian, is deeply ingrained in Armenia’s culture. In this exhibition, guests will explore the Bible’s history in Armenia and see that it is ancient, exceptional, and resilient,” the Museum says on its website.

For Djernazian – the grandson of genocide survivors – and other Armenians in Jerusalem, the connection to their homeland remains deep.

“The Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem is like a little Armenia,” he continued. “We all care for its future and the continuation of the Armenian presence here and Armenia as well. Both places complete each other, both places are home to all Armenians and, as much as we care about our home here, we care also for our homeland, Armenia.”

Nicole Jansezian

Nicole Jansezian is the news editor for both ALL ARAB NEWS and ALL ISRAEL NEWS
https://allarab.news...f-disappearing/



#562 Yervant1

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Posted 22 September 2022 - 07:33 AM

The National Interest
Sept 21 2022
 
 
Armenia Must Build the Zangezur Corridor

In the midst of Russia’s blockade of global supply routes, there are few viable solutions for transporting goods from East to West. The Zangezur Corridor stands out as the most optimal among them. 

 
Recent border clashes in the South Caucasus have been all but eclipsed by much more publicized events in Ukraine. But make no mistake: the renewed fighting between Azerbaijan and Armenia—the worst since a Moscow-brokered ceasefire in 2020—is of global significance. Ongoing peace talks between those two countries are now endangered and, by extension, the secure transit links running through both countries’ territory upon which the global market relies are now in jeopardy.
 

Those same transit links were already under threat from the war in Ukraine. Severe disruptions to the movement of energy, food, and commercial goods have caused seismic shocks to economies around the world. European gas prices are soaring after Moscow slashed access to the Nord Stream 1 pipeline while Western sanctions have sparked an increase in the prices of the most basic food items around the world.

 

It is against this backdrop that Armenia can no longer delay the construction of a critical new transport route between Europe and Asia: the Zangezur Corridor. This corridor, long tabled but currently blocked by Armenia, would run from Azerbaijan’s southwestern border through Armenia to the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and then to Turkey and beyond. This is the missing link in one of the only East-West trade routes that can bypass Russia. If Armenia is really a friend of the West, as its large diaspora claims, it must return to the negotiating table and immediately allow the opening of the corridor.

Armenia is committed to opening the corridor as part of the ceasefire agreement brokered by Moscow in November 2020. However, the terms of that deal left Russia in charge of the corridor—a dangerous precedent for further mischief-making. More preferable is the formula announced by the European Union’s (EU) Charles Michel last December following trilateral talks with Armenia and Azerbaijan. Michel’s plan would allow each country to control the portion of the corridor which passes through its territory, leaving no room for manipulation by third parties. 

 

No wonder the EU has sought, with some success, to reframe the negotiations and rebuff Moscow’s attempts to manipulate the situation. The search for a secure “southern corridor” bypassing Russia is not new but the current state of global geopolitics dictates a new level of urgency. In theory, the easiest route of transport should be through Iran. However, given U.S. sanctions and chronic underinvestment in Iranian railways, it is hard to see it as a secure or reliable option.

That points to the South Caucasus as a solution. In recent years, different factors have strengthened the region as a transit link. Successful collaboration between Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan has created new links, such as the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railway and the Southern Gas Corridor pipelines, that provide Europe with vital Caspian gas and other resources. This initiative gained further momentum when former Soviet republics such as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan started sending fuel and goods through Azerbaijan in response to the blockade of Russia.

However, relying on the South Caucasus route also has drawbacks. In 2008, Russia invaded Georgia in an attack that has been seen as a rehearsal for the recent invasion of Ukraine. The military operations involved Russia’s consolidation of control over the two puppet “republics” on Georgian territory, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Russian tanks are still deployed a mere forty miles from Georgia’s capital Tbilisi.

Ominous signs point to the threat of further Russian incursions. Former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili has pointed out that “after Ukraine the next target is Georgia.” Dimitri Medvedev, the former Russian president and currently a high-ranking member of the security council, referred to Kazakhstan and Georgia as “artificial” creations on social media, pointing out that “after the liberation of Kyiv, Russia will become united again.” Although the post was taken down ten minutes later and blamed on “hackers,” it has only confirmed suspicions about Russia’s possible future intentions. Therefore, the corridor through Georgia cannot be a reliable solution for a long-term investment nor is it a route completely insulated from Russian interference.

A better solution is the Zangezur Corridor, which is part of a strategic transportation route that extends from Baku to Kars, Turkey’s eastern province, and through Armenian territory near its border with Iran. The Zangezur Corridor would become the shortest land transportation route between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Armenia would benefit significantly by opening a missing link in the global supply chain. Yet, so far, Armenia has tried to backtrack on its commitment. With a foreign policy that pays lip service to a partnership with the West, the reality is different. Armenia is firmly embedded as one of Russia’s closest allies and dependents, presenting a major political dilemma for the country’s leadership.

By continuing to block the Zangezur Corridor, Armenia plays to Moscow’s script of creating a stranglehold on the world economy. At the same time, generations of populist anti-Turkish and anti-Azerbaijani rhetoric have narrowed the space available for Armenian politicians to normalize relations with their neighbors. However, now is the time for Armenia to decide whether it is a friend of the West, as its strong and vocal diaspora in the United States and Europe firmly maintains, or not. If it is, it must resume peace negotiations with Azerbaijan and help open the Zangezur Corridor. 

In the midst of Russia’s blockade of global supply routes, there are few viable solutions for transporting goods from East to West. The Zangezur Corridor stands out as the most optimal among them. 

Stephen Blank is a Senior Research Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute.

https://nationalinte...corridor-204894

 

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#563 Yervant1

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Posted 23 September 2022 - 08:22 AM

Boston Herald, MA
Sept 22 2022
 
 
Becker & Baghdassarian: World mustn’t abandon ethnic Armenians – again
  • Thomas Becker and Anoush Baghdassarian
  • September 22, 2022 at 12:29 a.m.
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AP22261503231018-1-1280x853-1.jpg?w=978
Demonstrators with American and Armenian national flags gather at the Cafesjian Center for the Arts where U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi delivers her speech in Yerevan, Armenia, Sunday, Sept. 18, 2022. The speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, said Sunday in the capital of Armenia that the United States deplores recent attacks by Azerbaijan and called for a negotiated solution to the countries' conflict. Pelsoi's visit with a congressional delegation came just a few days days after two days of shelling by both sides that killed more than 200 servicemen. (Stepan Poghosyan/Photolure via AP)
 

As the world watches in horror while atrocities unfold in Ukraine, another former Soviet Republic is staring down a brutal invasion. On Tuesday, around midnight in Armenia, Azerbaijan launched attacks on the Armenian cities of Goris, Jermuk and Vardenis. Though the exact number of casualties is unclear, the prime minister of Armenia reported the following morning that 105 people have died in the clashes.

For many in the U.S., Armenia is simply off their radar, particularly as the Russian invasion has overshadowed other issues in the region. Even here in the Boston area, a place we both have called home for years, Armenian issues rarely get the attention they deserve, despite Watertown having the third largest Armenian population in the country.

Fortunately, the most recent Azerbaijani assault has prompted outrage and response from U.S. officials. On a phone call with Azerbaijani president, Secretary of State Antony Blinken urged “an immediate end to military actions along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border.” U.S. Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., and Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Menendez, D-N.J., are calling for immediate cessation of economic assistance to Azerbaijan.

 

While the recent attacks came as a surprise to some in the international community, for those who live in Armenia, particularly those near the border, the attacks seem to have been inevitable. Having endured invasion, ethnic cleansing and torture in the recent past, Armenians have also suffered indifference from the international community. A displaced teacher from Nagorno-Karabakh told us earlier this year, “I’m coming to realize we are no one. We don’t matter. We don’t exist.”

 

At the heart of the recent strikes is the long-standing dispute over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan but principally inhabited and autonomously governed for decades by ethnic Armenians, Nagorno-Karabakh’s territory, politically drawn by the Soviets, has sparked fighting over the land for a century. In September 2020, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict escalated when Azerbaijan launched a military offensive in the disputed area, prompting a 44-day war. A ceasefire was signed in November that year, but as the recent attacks illustrate, invasion and conflict over the territory have not ended. In fact, they have spilled into Armenia proper.

Over the past year, we have worked as part of a team of academics, lawyers, researchers and students at the University Network for Human Rights, the Yale Lowenstein Clinic and the Harvard Law School Advocates for Human Rights to investigate human rights violations that have taken place following the 44-day conflict. We have documented egregious abuses, including the summary execution and disappearance of civilians, torture of prisoners and displacement of Armenians from the territory. The central premise of our soon-to-be published report is that for ethnic Armenians in the area, the war rages on.

 

All conflicts are messy, but the fog of war cannot obscure the ugly intentions of Azerbaijan in this dispute. High-level Azerbaijani officials have referred to Armenians as a “cancer tumor” and a “disease” that must be “treated,” dehumanizing language akin to that used in the Rwandan genocide and Holocaust. Other officials have claimed that Armenians “have no right to live in this region” and stated, “Our goal is the complete elimination of Armenians.”

So far, the international community has remained disengaged, abandoning ethnic Armenians to the fate of the proverbial frog in boiling water, as Azerbaijan has continued to commit grave human rights abuses and encroached further and further into territories occupied by ethnic Armenians. If there is no meaningful international response,  the people of Armenia face the real danger of annihilation.

As the U.N. General Assembly meets this week, it should condemn the illegal attacks on Armenia’s sovereign territory as it did regarding Russia’s assault on Ukraine’s sovereign lands in May this year; the U.N. Security Council must authorize a multinational peace-keeping force; and the U.S. should follow the recommendation of U.S. policymakers and end economic assistance to Azerbaijan. Armenians deserve the world’s support.

 
 

Thomas Becker, a senior supervisor with the University Network for Human Rights, teaches human rights at Wesleyan University and Columbia Law School. Anoush Baghadassarian, a recent graduate of Harvard Law School, is a visiting professional at the International Criminal Court.



#564 Yervant1

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Posted 23 September 2022 - 08:45 AM

Armenpress.am
 

MP Chris Law calls on UK government to condemn “brutal and barbaric” Azeri attack on Armenia, hold urgent debates

 
 
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1093176.jpg 21:54, 22 September 2022

YEREVAN, SEPTEMBER 22, ARMENPRESS. United Kingdom Member of Parliament Chris Law is calling on the UK parliament to hold urgent debates on the illegal attacks by Azerbaijan on Armenia, and urges the UK Government to condemn the atrocities committed by Azerbaijan.

 

“Verified videos by Human Rights Watch graphically illustrate the brutality and barbarism of Azerbaijan’s recent attack on Armenia, showing an elderly Armenian civilian decapitated with a knife and his head mounted on the carcass of a pig, and the mutilated corpse of a female Armenian soldier with her eyes gouged out and replaced by stones. It should be noted that Azerbaijan is also backed heavily by NATO member Turkey, with one Turkish political leader stating last week: ‘I remind you once again that the Turkish nation has the power to erase Armenia from history and geography’. So can we have an urgent debate on Government time on the illegal attacks by Azerbaijan on the democracy of Armenia, and a statement from UK Government condemning all those supporting these horrific actions and hate speech,” MP Law said in remarks in the British parliament.

 
 

MP Chris Law then tweeted: “I have been saddened to see the unprovoked and unjustified attacks on Armenia by Azerbaijan, with horrifying reports and images now being uncovered by human rights organisations. The UK Government must give an urgent statement condemning these attacks and support efforts from around the world to end this aggression and violence from Azerbaijan.”

 

The UK Government must give an urgent statement condemning these attacks and support efforts from around the world to end this aggression and violence from Azerbaijan.

— Chris Law MP (@ChrisLawSNP) September 22, 2022

https://armenpress.a...Tro7oFirC6tJnHg



#565 MosJan

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Posted 23 September 2022 - 05:16 PM



#566 MosJan

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Posted 24 September 2022 - 01:46 PM



#567 MosJan

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Posted 24 September 2022 - 01:49 PM



#568 MosJan

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Posted 24 September 2022 - 01:53 PM



#569 MosJan

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Posted 24 September 2022 - 01:57 PM



#570 MosJan

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Posted 24 September 2022 - 02:02 PM



#571 Yervant1

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Posted 27 September 2022 - 07:05 AM

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Sept 26 2022
 
 
World is ignoring another war on Europe's doorstep

International community is letting down Armenia and its independent church to please energy-rich Azerbaijan

 
 

Armenia, the world’s first Christian nation, marked its 31st Independence Day from the erstwhile Soviet Union on Sept. 21. But these days, existence gets more importance than independence and the Caucasian nation is left to fend for itself in dire need.

 

As the nation lacked economic clout and because of its geographical location, Asia and Europe were tight-lipped when its neighbor and Muslim-majority Azerbaijan flexed its muscles against Armenia with the tacit support from another Muslim-majority nation and NATO member Turkey.

 

Fighting renewed last week between the historic rivals. One Armenian civilian, 135 soldiers and 70 Azeri soldiers perished in the latest round of conflict on Sept. 12.

 

 

On this year’s Independence Day, Armenians were forced to celebrate while mourning the lives of soldiers who fought against Azerbaijan.

 

The worrying factor is that the historical territorial dispute between the two neighbors is moving closer to a religious conflict.

 

Azerbaijan regularly accuses Armenians of being the guilty aggressors while Armenians are defending their homeland. This has been the consistent pattern between the rivals.

"Armenia appealed to the international community and urged world leaders to come out with an adequate reaction to Azerbaijan’s aggressive acts"

 

On Sept. 12, at midnight, Azerbaijan fired artillery shells at the Armenian towns of Goris, Sotk and Jermuk and on Sept. 13, Armenian President Nikol Pashinyan told the Armenian parliament in the capital Yerevan that at least 49 Armenian troops lost their lives.

 

Though the Russian Foreign Ministry reported a cease-fire had been reached between the warring nations on Sept. 13, early the next day, the Armenian Defense Ministry said Azerbaijan had again “resumed shelling.”

 

On Sept 13, Armenia appealed to the international community and urged world leaders to come out with an adequate reaction to Azerbaijan’s aggressive acts. But the plea fell on deaf ears.

 

Armenians live in a hostile neighborhood in the South Caucasus. This was good enough reason for Europe and Asia not to come to their rescue.

 

Besides, the sleepy nation lacks the economic clout to woo wealthy EU nations to condemn Azerbaijan, though the predominantly Christian country is bordered by Muslim nations, including its arch enemies Turkey and Azerbaijan, and its ally, Iran.

 

Iran and Russia are Armenia’s allies, but they have their own complicated relations with NATO member Turkey and they prefer to play it safe due to the complex region where Armenia is located: because it is neither European nor Asian in all respects and its ancient Armenian Apostolic Church is independent.

 

After the current standoff, as a member of the Russia-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), Armenia sought its assistance, but there was no reciprocation from the six-member grouping. When it comes to the landlocked nation of Armenia, the CSTO prefers to play neutral as its standoff with Azerbaijan dates back decades.

 

Other members of the CSTO are Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The latter three nations are members of the Federation of Asian Bishops' Conference, while Azerbaijan has been a participating nation in the Central Asian Bishops’ Conference.

 

Most of the Christians in Azerbaijan are followers of the Russian Orthodox Church and make up 4 percent of Azerbaijan’s 10.15 million population.

 

Armenia has a long spiritual history. It is believed that it became the first country in the world to adopt Christianity in 301 AD. There are still many ancient sites and monuments in the country that boast of the pious history of the current 3 million people.

 

The former Soviet states waged a six-week war in 2020 over Nagorno-Karabakh or Artsakh to Armenians, which is within Azerbaijan’s international border.

 

It was a cakewalk for Azerbaijan then. Equipped with sophisticated arms and drones from Turkey, it took control of the majority of Nagorno-Karabakh. In total, more than 6,000 people died then, with thousands of ethnic Armenians uprooted from their homes.

 

After a feeble peace pact was inked following the flare-up in 2000, Russia came to the rescue of Armenia and stationed 2,000 soldiers serving as peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh. Armenia has close ties with Russia and one-third of its exports go to Moscow and its partners. Russia sells natural gas and energy to Armenia at a subsidized rate.

 

The feud between Armenia and Azerbaijan has simmered for decades. In April 2016, the largest flare-up took place over Nagorno-Karabakh since the 1994 war.

 

Nagorno-Karabakh has been an ethnically Armenian region for centuries but it was given to Azerbaijan by the Soviet Union in 1923. Like the decision to assign Crimea to Ukraine in 1954, it was an administrative decision by Soviet leader Josef Stalin.

 

The conflict led to two full-scale wars in the 1980s and 1990s with no light at the end of the tunnel. At least 30,000 people perished in the conflict following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.

"As Armenia’s all-weather ally Russia is busy in Ukraine, Azerbaijan seized the window of opportunity"

 

Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh have been up in arms against Azerbaijani rule and in 1991 they declared independence and the unrecognized Republic of Artsakh had the tacit support of the Armenian government.

 

In 2007, the Minsk Group, led by the US, Russia and France, put in place a solution. But both Armenia and Azerbaijan are not keen on following the Madrid Principles put forth by the Minsk Group.

 

Azerbaijan’s offensive has the full support of Turkey’s President Tayyip Erdogan, who is trying to strengthen his position in disputes over Syria, Libya, Cyprus, and oil exploration in the Mediterranean region in general. Moreover, Turkey has soured ties with Armenia. In 1993, Turkey, Armenia’s western neighbor, shut its border with Armenia to aid Azerbaijan.

 

As Armenia’s all-weather ally Russia is busy in Ukraine, Azerbaijan seized the window of opportunity this month to complete its unfinished business of 2020.

 

With the latest move, Azerbaijan has stirred a hornet’s nest in the wider South Caucasus region so that it is easy for those who plan to fish in the troubled waters.

 

On its part, the international community has let down Armenia and its independent church to please energy-rich Azerbaijan.

 

But the US showed the courage to send House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Armenia to condemn Azerbaijan’s attacks.  Pelosi, the highest-ranking US official to visit the country since its independence, made her momentous visit to Yerevan from Sept 18-19.

 

For that matter, President Joe Biden became the first US president to officially recognize the Armenian Genocide in which Turkey’s Ottoman Empire slaughtered 1.5 million Armenians living in Turkish lands, beginning in 1914.

 

After Turkey’s turn, Azerbaijan is planning genocide on hapless Armenians. But this time killing them softly.

 

*The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official editorial position of UCA News.

https://www.ucanews....-doorstep/98881



#572 MosJan

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Posted 28 September 2022 - 11:21 AM



#573 MosJan

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Posted 29 September 2022 - 12:04 PM

302804.jpg
Media: India to export missiles, rockets and ammunition to Armenia
September 29, 2022 - 12:05 AMT
PanARMENIAN.Net - India has signed a significant export order for missiles, rockets and ammunition to Armenia amid Azerbaijan’s latest aggression against the sovereign territory of the country, The Economic Times reports.

The government to government route was used to sign a number of contracts for the supply of Indian arms and ammunition to Armenia earlier in September.

While the value of the contracts has not been revealed, it is estimated that weapons worth over Rs 2,000 crore (apx. $244 million) will be supplied to the country over the coming months. India has been making significant efforts to increase weapons exports, with policy reforms and active support of the government to secure overseas orders.

ET cited sources as saying that the order includes the first-ever export of the indigenous Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launchers that are already in service with the Indian Army. The potent weapon has been designed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and is manufactured by private sector companies in India. The Army has recently placed orders for six additional Pinaka regiments and is testing extended range rockets as well.

India will also supply anti-tank rockets as well as a range of ammunition to Armenia under the bundled deal.


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#574 Yervant1

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Posted 30 September 2022 - 09:08 AM

Armenpress.am
 

Japan ready to support establishment of peace in region – House of Councilors President Otsuji tells Arshakyan

 
 
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1093621.jpg 21:05, 28 September 2022

YEREVAN, SEPTEMBER 28, ARMENPRESS. The Vice Speaker of Parliament of Armenia Hakob Arshakyan had a meeting with the President of the House of Councilors (Upper House of Parliament) of Japan Hidehisa Otsuji in Tokyo on September 28.

 

Vice Speaker Arshakyan briefed Mr. Otsuji on the Azerbaijani attack against the sovereign territory of Armenia on September 13-14, including the Azerbaijani strikes at Armenian civilian and military infrastructure, towns and villages, which claimed the lives of both servicemembers and civilians. Arshakyan attached importance to the international community’s targeted condemnation of Azerbaijan’s aggressive actions.

 
 

“Hidehisa Otsuji expressed regret over the recent military clashes between Armenia and Azerbaijan and expressed condolences over the human losses in Armenia. Hidehisa Otsuji said that Japan favors peace everywhere, and that they are ready to support the establishment of peace in the region,” the parliament’s press service said.

Bilteral relations were also discussed and willingness to make extra efforts to deepen and expand the political and culture ties between Armenia and Japan was voiced.

Arshakyan also met with the acting chairman of the Japan-Armenia parliamentary friendship group Takeaki Matsumoto.

The Vice Speaker also met with Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan Keiko Nagaoka.

 

Developing cooperation in education, intensifying scholarships and exchange programs, possibilities for deepening cooperation in scientific-educational and IT areas were discussed.

Arshakyan also met with Keiichiro Nakazawa, the Senior Vice President of JICA  - the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

 

A number of issues of developing cooperation in humanitarian, scientific, cultural, economic, high tech, crisis prevention areas were discussed. The parties attached importance to cooperation between universities of the two countries and mutual visits of Armenian and Japanese scientists and researchers.

 

 

https://armenpress.a...qI6KSe0idmrzVTk



#575 Yervant1

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Posted 30 September 2022 - 09:12 AM

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India - Sept 29 2022
 
 
 
 
Analysis: India can't ignore dangerous adventures of '3 Brothers' in Armenia and elsewhere
Synopsis For India, the conflict by itself may not be of any immediate consequence but the positive impact it would have in cementing the Turkey-Pakistan alliance, particularly on the military side, would be of concern. It could lay the basis for acting jo...
 
By Pranab Dhal SamantaET Bureau
Last Updated: Sep 29, 2022, 04:59 PM IST
The emergence of Azerbaijan as a successful symbol and a possible template for Turkey-Pakistan military cooperation is a warning signal India can no longer ignore, especially in the backdrop of Azerbaijan's fresh attempt for a military offensive on Armenia earlier this month. The trio also launched a joint exercise last year called 'Three Brothers', which came soon after Azerbaijan's successful 44-day 2020 military campaign against Armenia.
 
Azerbaijan benefited in its 2020 campaign from Turkish-made and supplied drones that paralysed Armenian artillery. It's also in talks with Pakistan to procure Chinese-origin JF-17 fighters after it upgraded military ties through an ambitious framework agreement.

On the other hand, Turkey and Azerbaijan have been resolute supporters of Pakistan's position on the Kashmir issue of late. Both countries also make it a point to attend the August 5 protest event Pakistan organizes at the United Nations against India's decision to withdraw Article 370 from Jammu & Kashmir. Pakistan, in turn, has always supported Azerbaijan's line on the Nagorno Karabakh territorial dispute with Armenia, while India has been even handed.

Further, Azerbaijan has been difficult as current chair of the Non-Aligned Movement. It even wanted to move a NAM statement of support lauding Pakistan's role and effort in aiding the return of Taliban to power in Afghanistan last year. Some amount of counter diplomatic effort was needed to stall this. Interestingly, India has a more robust economic relationship with Azerbaijan compared to Armenia, including ONGC investments in gas fields there but that currently seems to be paling in significance.
 
In fact, with Russia preoccupied in Ukraine, it appears Azerbaijan has decided to press ahead militarily to further its gains. The key difference this time is that it has escalated matters on the undisputed parts of its border with Armenia. US Speaker Nancy Pelosi, whose Taiwan visit against Chinese protests created a major stir, also landed up in Armenia and went on to identify Azerbaijan as the aggressor and provocateur. India was cautious not to name any country but asked the "aggressor side" to stop hostilities.

Now, Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 drones have been deployed by Ukraine. Being a NATO member, Turkey has developed diplomatic leverage in the campaign strengthened by the fact that Azerbaijan has emerged as one of the key alternatives to Russian gas for Europe. Clearly, this leverage has provided Azerbaijan a window to prise open the ceasefire and seek to militarily settle its political conflict with Armenia.
 

For India, the conflict by itself may not be of any immediate consequence but the positive impact it would have in cementing the Turkey-Pakistan alliance, particularly on the military side, would be of concern. It could lay the basis for acting jointly in other theatres including Pakistan Occupied Kashmir given the existing political understanding on the subject.

The Turkish-Azerbaijan-Pakistan axis is also being hinged on an Islamic civilizational narrative that finds collective _expression_ at the OIC against India Moreover, Pakistan will end up drawing China into the equation that surely won't augur well for India.
 
In other words, it probably is in India's interest that Armenia puts up a stand and not be trampled upon because of a power vacuum caused by Russia's preoccupation in Ukraine.

Views expressed are author's own
 


#576 Yervant1

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Posted 30 September 2022 - 09:14 AM

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Sept 29 2022
 
 
"Our ally isn't fulfilling its obligation to supply weapons" - Prime Minister of Armenia
 

Where and how Armenia obtains weapons

“There are cases when hundreds of millions of dollars have been paid but the supply of weapons to Armenia is not fulfilled, including by allied countries,” the Prime Minister of Armenia stated at a government meeting.

Nikol Pashinyan did not specify which ally he was talking about. However, it is no secret that Russia is Armenia’s strategic ally and the main supplier of weapons. The prime minister said that Azerbaijan “has some success” in relations with these same allies and is trying to prevent the supply of weapons to Armenia.

Continuing the topic, Deputy Speaker of the Parliament Ruben Rubinyan stated that the Prime Minister’s facts indicate a need to revise “the security architecture that we have developed over thirty years.”

Important details from Pashinyan’s statement on the acquisition of weapons and the obligations of Armenia’s allies, as well as information on where and what weapons are being purchased.

This month Pashinyan raised the subject of arms supplies for the second time. On September 13 he stated from the rostrum of parliament that not all countries are ready to sell weapons to Armenia:

“Some countries are ready to sell to us, some are not. And this has consequences in the realm of security.”

Meanwhile, since July the Indian media have been publishing information that Armenia inteds to buy drones from India. According to latest data from The Economic Times, in early September Armenia and India signed a package of agreements on the supply of weapons.

“Azerbaijan is trying to ensure that weapons are not supplied”

On September 29 Pashinyan began a meeting of government “with details about the latest aggression of Azerbaijan”, subsequently mentioning the supply of weapons.

According to Pashinyan, yesterday the Armenian Armed Forces carried out engineering work on the border, precisely on the territory of Armenia. The prime minister stressed that the Azerbaijani units which attacked Armenian positions were also on Armenian territory.

“The position of Armenia is unequivocal and unambiguous: the armed forces of Azerbaijan must be withdrawn from the territory of the Republic of Armenia,” he once again stated.

On September 28 the Armenian Defense Ministry reported that at 18:00, the Azerbaijani armed forces opened fire in the direction of combat positions located in the eastern direction of the border. After 22:00 the situation had relatively stabilized. But along with this information, it was reported that three Armenian soldiers were killed in the battles.

The Armenian Foreign Ministry described Azerbaijan’s actions as “a continuation of the large-scale aggression against the territorial integrity of Armenia which began on September 13.”

 

According to Pashinyan, Baku is trying to prevent reforms in the Armenian Armed Forces and the supply of weapons:

“Unfortunately, they have some success in relations with our allies. Wherever possible they try to prevent the supply of weapons and ammunition to Armenia.”

According to the prime minister, Baku aims to ensure that Armenia renounces its statehood, sovereignty and makes concessions regarding its territorial integrity.

“However, we are determined to defend our independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity,” the Prime Minister of Armenia said.

Nikol Pashinyan repeated his proposal to deploy an international observation mission on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border.

“Revisit the security architecture of the last thirty years”

According to Deputy Speaker of the Parliament Ruben Rubinyan, everyone knows who the country’s ally is; the Prime Minister only spoke the facts.

The vice speaker reiterated that after the September invasion of the sovereign territory of Armenia, the CSTO military bloc, of which Armenia is a member and which operates under the auspices of Russia, has not taken practical steps. Moreover, the agreement on mutual assistance with Russia “was not activated”, although Armenia officially applied for help. Rubinyan considers it necessary to assess the situation and understand how to move forward:

“We have to rethink the security architecture of the last thirty years, assess whether the current arrangement is justified.”

Answering a question about the possibility of arms supplies from the United States, Rubinyan said that this topic should not be the subject of public discussion.

Information on the purchase of weapons from India

Yerevan’s intention to purchase weapons, specifically drones, from India was first reported by the Indian DnaIndia, one of Mumbai’s largest English-language newspapers. The newspaper, without naming anyone, also quoted a high-ranking Armenian official as saying that “the 44-day war showed the uselessness of Russian military equipment against Turkish weapons, especially Bayraktar drones.”

After a long pause, information appeared on September 29 that India would supply Armenia with weapons worth $244 million.

Earlier this month the two governments signed a package of arms deals, according to The Economic Times:

“India will export Pianka missile systems, anti-tank missiles and other munitions to Armenia.”

The delivery of Swathi radars is also planned, according to the report.

Earlier, military expert Karen Hovhannisyan told JAMnews that Armenia needs to move away from Russia as a strategic partner, and that Armenian-Indian relations can be raised to the level of strategic, allied relations:

“The national interests of Armenia and India coincide on many issues. We can be guided by this and develop a strategic partnership. And why not? It is possible to develop the military industry in Armenia with the help of India or create a joint production.”

Armenian-Indian relations intensified after the 2020 war. The last official report on the military cooperation between Yerevan and Delhi came in July from a meeting of the Armenian-Indian intergovernmental commission.

Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan noted that the defense and military-technical spheres have great potential and are extremely promising for both countries. In response, Sanjay Verma, secretary of the western section of the Indian Foreign Ministry, said that they had already begun “exploring the possibilities of concrete cooperation” and looked forward to a long-term relationship.

 


#577 Yervant1

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Posted 30 September 2022 - 09:18 AM

Really?

 

 
Armenpress.am
 

United States is committed to Armenia’s sovereignty – embassy

 
 
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1093714.jpg 18:25, 29 September 2022

YEREVAN, SEPTEMBER 29, ARMENPRESS. The United States Ambassador to Armenia Lynne Tracy visited the Province of Vayots Dzor.

 

“Ambassador Tracy met with Vayots Dzor Governor Ararat Grigoryan and Chief of Police Alexander Hakobyan to discuss the impact of the mid-September attacks on the people of Vayots Dzor Marz and their emerging needs. The United States is committed to Armenia’s sovereignty, and we will continue to work towards peace for the South Caucasus region,” the US Embassy said in a statement.

 

 

https://armenpress.a...MhAqMRmEcYiLgIE

 

 

 



#578 Yervant1

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Posted 01 October 2022 - 05:49 AM

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Sept 30 2022
 
 
 
An Ancient Hate: Why Armenia Will Never Know Peace From Surrounding Islam
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By RAYMOND IBRAHIM Published on September 30, 2022

In late 2020, war broke out between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Two months later, peace was achieved on condition that the Christian nation cede its ancestral lands in Artsakh, internationally known as “Nagorno-Karabakh,” to its Muslim neighbor.

The peace bought by such Armenian appeasement has been fickle at best. Two weeks ago, Azerbaijan launched yet another attack on Armenia — one just as, if not more, savage than in 2020, as seen by one particularly grotesque atrocity.

Only Total Capitulation Will Ever Satisfy

The fact is, no amount of appeasement short of total capitulation will ever satisfy Armenia’s powerful Muslim neighbors, namely Azerbaijan and its “big brother,” Turkey.

Appropriating Nagorno-Karabakh was only the first step of a larger project. As Azerbaijan’s president, Ilham Aliyev, once openly proclaimed, “Yerevan [the capital of Armenia] is our historical land and we Azerbaijanis must return to these historical lands.” He has also referred to other ancient Armenian territories, including the Zangezur and Lake Sevan regions, as “our historic lands.” Taking over those territories “is our political and strategic goal,” Aliyev maintains, “and we need to work step-by-step to get closer to it.”

This unrelenting history of hate makes one thing perfectly clear: all modern day pretexts and “territorial disputes” aside, true and permanent peace between Armenia and its Muslim neighbors will only be achieved when the Christian nation has either been conquered or ceded itself into nonexistence.

To this, Tigran Balayan, spokesman for Armenia’s foreign ministry, said: “The statement about territorial claims of the president of Azerbaijan, a state appearing on the political map of the world only 100 years ago … yet again demonstrates the racist character of the ruling regime in Baku.”

This is a rather restrained and diplomatic way of saying that, not only are these claims absolutely false; they are — as most falsehoods nowadays tend to be — the exact inverse of the truth.

The Exact Inverse of the Truth

Armenia is one of the world’s oldest nations. Armenians founded Yerevan, their current capital, in 782 BC — exactly 2,700 years before Azerbaijan came into being in 1918. And yet, here is the president of Azerbaijan waging war because “Yerevan is our historical land and we Azerbaijanis must return to these historical lands.”

Armenia was also significantly bigger, encompassing even modern day Azerbaijan within its borders, over two thousand years ago. Then the Turks and their offshoots (e.g., Azeris) came riding in from the east, slaughtering, enslaving, terrorizing and stealing the lands of Armenians and other Christians of the region in the name of jihad.

Anyone who doubts this summation should consult the Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa (d.1144). According to this nearly thousand year old chronicle, which is near coterminous with the events it describes, it was only in 1019 that “the first appearance of the bloodthirsty beasts … the savage nation of infidels called Turks entered Armenia … and mercilessly slaughtered the Christian faithful with the sword.”

A Saga of Blood and Tears

Three decades later the raids were virtually nonstop. In 1049, the founder of the Turkic Seljuk Empire himself, Sultan Tughril Bey (r. 1037–1063), reached the Armenian city of Arzden, west of Lake Van, and “put the whole town to the sword, causing severe slaughter, as many as one hundred and fifty thousand persons.”

Other contemporaries confirm the devastation visited upon Arzden. “Like famished dogs,” writes Aristakes (d.1080) an eye witness, the Turks “hurled themselves on our city, surrounded it and pushed inside, massacring the men and mowing everything down like reapers in the fields, making the city a desert. Without mercy, they incinerated those who had hidden themselves in houses and churches.”

Eleven years later, in 1060, the Turk’s laid siege to Sebastia (which, though now a Turkish city, was originally Armenian). Six hundred churches were destroyed, “many and innumerable people were burned [to death],” and countless women and children “were led into captivity.”

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Between 1064 and 1065, Tughril’s successor, Sultan Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri — known to posterity as Alp Arslan, one of Turkey’s unsavory but national heroes — laid siege to Ani, then the capital of Armenia. The thunderous bombardment of Muhammad’s siege engines caused the entire city to quake, and Matthew describes countless terror-stricken families huddled together and weeping. Once inside, the Muslims “began to mercilessly slaughter the inhabitants of the entire city… and piling up their bodies one on top of the other…. Innumerable and countless boys with bright faces and pretty girls were carried off together with their mothers.”Sword-and-Scimitar.jpg

Not only do several Christian sources document the sack of Armenia’s capital — one contemporary succinctly notes that Muhammad “rendered Ani a desert by massacres and fire” — but so do Muslim sources, often in apocalyptic terms: “I wanted to enter the city and see it with my own eyes,” one Arab explained. “I tried to find a street without having to walk over the corpses. But that was impossible.”

Such “was the beginning of the misfortunes of Armenia,” Matthew of Edessa concludes his account: “So, lend an ear to this melancholy recital.” This has proven to be an ominous remark, for the aforementioned history of blood and tears was, indeed, just “the beginning of the misfortunes of Armenia,” whose “melancholy recital” continues to this day.

An Unrelenting History of Hate 

But what was the reason the Turks invaded and so ruthlessly attacked Armenia? What “grievance” did they have? Simple: Armenia was Christian and the Turks were Muslim — and Islam makes all non-Muslims enemies to be put to the sword, until and unless they embrace Islam.

Incidentally, Islam’s animus for Christianity was on display then no less than now. Thus, during the aforementioned sack of Ani, a Muslim fighter climbed atop the city’s main cathedral “and pulled down the very heavy cross which was on the dome, throwing it to the ground,” wrote Matthew. Made of pure silver and the “size of a man” — and now symbolic of Islam’s might over Christianity — the broken crucifix was sent as a trophy to adorn a mosque in, ironically enough, modern-day Azerbaijan. Fast forward nearly a millennium to Azerbaijan’s war on Armenia in 2020, a Muslim fighter was videotaped triumphantly shouting “Allahu Akbar!” while standing atop an Armenian church chapel where the cross had been broken off.

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Such is an idea of what Muslim Turks did to Christian Armenians — not during the Armenian Genocide of a century ago, when some 1.5 million Armenians were massacred and even more displaced — but one thousand years ago, when the Islamic conquest of Armenia first began.

This unrelenting history of hate makes one thing perfectly clear: all modern day pretexts and “territorial disputes” aside, true and permanent peace between Armenia and its Muslim neighbors will only be achieved when the Christian nation has either been conquered or ceded itself into nonexistence.

Nor would it be the first to do so. It is worth recalling that the heart of what is today called “the Muslim world” — the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) — was thoroughly Christian before the sword of Islam invaded. Bit by bit, century after century after the initial Muslim conquests and occupations, it lost its Christian identity, and became lost in the morass of Islam, so that few today even remember that Egypt, Iraq, Syria, etc., were among the first and oldest Christian nations.

Armenia — the first nation in the world to adopt Christianity — is a holdout, a thorn in Islam’s side, and, as such, can never know lasting peace from the Muslims surrounding it.

 

Note: Quotes from Matthew of Edessa were excerpted from the author’s book, Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War Between Islam and the WestRaymond Ibrahim is a Shillman Fellow at the David Horowitz Freedom Center, a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Gatestone Institute, and a Judith Rosen Friedman Fellow at the Middle East Forum.

 


#579 Yervant1

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Posted 03 October 2022 - 08:05 AM

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Oct 2 2022
 
 
 
India, Pakistan Conflict Heats Up In Central Asia; New Delhi Must Deflate Azeri-Pak-Turk Nexus Against Armenia
 
 
October 2, 2022

The roots of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict have to be traced to certain shortcomings in the National Delimitation process initiated by the Soviet Union to determine National Territorial Units way back in 1924-29. The Soviet Union is said to have carried out delimitation of Central Asia in an unreasonable hurry.

 

Besides the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in the Southern Caucasus, there are other spots in Central Asia where delimitation has resulted in simmering disagreements, conflicts, claims, and counterclaims.

For example, handing over Samarkand to Uzbekistan has remained a bone of contention between the Uzbeks and the Tajiks because a majority of the population in the Samarkand region is of Tajik ethnicity and speaks the Tajik language.

Nagorno-Karabakh is essentially an ethnic and territorial dispute. Armenia, including the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, is a primarily Nestorian Christian-dominated region, while Azerbaijan is a Shia Muslim-dominated region. Religious divergence has also contributed to bitterness between the two peoples.

The two republics, usually called Trans-Caspian Central Asian Republics during the Soviet days, were included in the overall count of seven Central Asian Republics of the Soviet Union.

During the Soviet regime, ethnic, linguistic, and territorial aspirations of the federating units were suppressed with an iron fist. The simmering discontent of Azerbaijan thus remained suppressed.

But the first signs of growing conflict over the enclave surfaced in 1988 when the political activists of Nagorno-Karabakh massively demonstrated their antagonism towards Azerbaijan’s claims.

According to the international community, Nagorno-Karabakh has been declared a part of Azerbaijan. However, the majority of people in the enclave are Armenians who never succumbed to that definition and always maintained their individuality.

Even after its implosion in 1991, Russia tried to maintain a neutral stance vis-a-vis the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute and emphasized the importance of peaceful resolution. Nevertheless, Russia has been the leading supplier of arms and ammunition to both sides.

The war of 2020 between Azerbaijan and Armenia in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave can be called a watershed in the protracted dispute over several decades. It is this war that dragged external elements into it with far-reaching implications.

Turkey Steps In

Turkey, under President Erdogan, has been dreaming of the resurrection of the glory of the 18-19th century Ottoman Empire. Erdogan’s pandering to Islamism was natural if the grandiose dream was to be realized.

For this reason, Turkey began to look for coordination and alliance with Muslim segments of the Islamic world. Pakistan and Azerbaijan readily accepted an alliance with Turkey, of course, for different reasons.

Azerbaijan is engaged in deep rivalry and conflict with its neighbor Armenia and seeks support from a stronger state. Likewise, Pakistan is in conflict with India on Kashmir, which like Nagorno-Karabakh, is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan.

Apart from this, Turkey felt that given the status of Saudi Arabia as the religious leader of the Muslim world, her ambitions would not be fulfilled unless the influence of Saudi Arabia was curtailed.

Thus three Sunni Islamic countries, namely Turkey, Pakistan, and Malaysia, came together to form an alliance that demanded the ouster of Saudi Arabia as the leader of the Twin Holy Shrines of Islam, meaning haramayn.

They managed to rope in Iran as well. Any international organization aiming to exclude Saudi Arabia is welcome in Iran.

The Saudis got wind of this conspiracy. They would not allow it to happen that easily. Crown Prince Salman sent an urgent message to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, warning him sternly to distance himself from the conspiracy, failing which strict action would be taken.

Saudi Arabia demanded the immediate return of a one billion dollar loan given to Pakistan. The frightened and distracted Imran Khan announced his inability to participate in the upcoming Kuala Lumpur meeting and returned a one billion dollar loan to the Saudi Prince with an apology.

The embittered and disappointed President Erdogan found a compulsion to come close to Islamic extremists. Pakistan was ready to accept him as a close ally because several times on international forums, including the UN Security Council and the General Assembly, he vehemently spoke against India’s stand on Kashmir.

Ever since, has been speaking the language of Pakistani generals regarding Kashmir, making it a point of convergence of opinion in the Islamic world.

At the OIC meetings, Erdogan is outspoken against India, especially on the Kashmir issue. This is how Pakistan found a new ally to present and fight its Kashmir case at many world forums.

Azerbaijan-Armenia War

The war of 2020 between Azerbaijan and Armenia sucked Turkey and Pakistan into its vortex. To show solidarity with Turkey in the fight against Azerbaijan, Pakistan offered weapons and materials to Azerbaijan against Armenia.

Pakistan had no reason to jump into the fray, but the Islamic zeal dragged her into the dispute. The ‘Three Brothers’ (Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Pakistan) joined hands to destroy Armenia, whom they considered an outsider in the contemplated Islamic Caliphate extending from the Dardanelles to the Strait of Malacca.

The ‘unwanted state’ concept of Armenia is as clear to the Islamists as Kashmir. That is why Erdogan has repeatedly been raking up the Kashmir issue, which binds the Three Brothers in solidarity.

Turkey has manufactured advanced and effective drones after considerable research by her technocrats. It is called Bayraktar. Turkey supplied these drones to Azerbaijan in the war of 2020, and the deadly drones wrought havoc on Armenian armor and tanks.

Armenia had been fighting with Russian weapons but did not possess such war material as would counter the Bayraktar onslaught. Anyhow fighting was stopped through the intervention of Russia.

A few days ago, skirmishes along the border between the two antagonistic states took place, leading to the killing of many soldiers on both sides. Though each side has been accusing the other of initiating violation of the ceasefire and disturbing peace along the border yet, the observers believe that Azerbaijan feels the time is ripe to undertake some military action to regain some areas she covets around the Nagorno-Karabakh.

In all probability, Azerbaijan is under the impression that Russia is involved in the Ukraine war and is not available to exercise its influence to stop the border fight; Azerbaijan thought the time was conducive for an incursion.

The European powers look at the conflict from a different angle. Azerbaijan has considerable deposits of gas. Handling Azerbaijan with kid gloves could ensure the transportation of Azeri gas to Europe. If that happens, Europe will no longer depend on the gas supply from Russia.

India Watching

India has been watching this scenario taking place in the Trans-Caspian region. External Affairs Minister Jaishankar had a detailed meeting with his Armenian counterpart in the US.

It appears that Armenia has been able to put forth its case lucidly. Pakistan and Turkey’s active participation in the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute raise doubts about their vicious adventurism in the Indian part of Kashmir.

We know that Turkey has desperately been trying to get a foothold in Kashmir Muslim society for the last year or two. Her intelligence outfit has been scanning the security structure in Kashmir.

Not only that, Turkey has allowed the admission of Kashmir Muslim youth to various professional and non-professional institutes in Ankara and other Turkish cities. Once the Kashmiri students land in Turkey, they are handed over to the ISI sleuths, who take them to the mosques or seminaries for a course in indoctrination and brainwashing.

They ultimately become the resource persons for the Turkish secret service. The daughter of the late Ali Shah Geelani has been permitted to run a website in Ankara meant to broadcast anti-India stuff day and night.

A Bollywood film actor was seen sitting comfortably on the balcony of President Erdogan’s residence, sipping tea in the company of Erdogan’s wife.

India cannot take things lying low. She has to look for means to scuttle the conspiracies being hatched in the Caucasus, which will directly impact her domestic affairs.

India Supporting Armenia

India has signed an agreement with Armenia to supply weapons as a first measure. The deal is reported to be in the neighborhood of 2000 crore rupees ($250M).

The Economic Times reports that India has signed a significant export order for missiles, rockets, and ammunition to Armenia. While the value of the contracts has not been revealed, it is estimated that weapons worth over 2,000 crore rupees will be supplied over the coming months.”

The Economic Times reports that the first-ever export of the indigenous Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launchers is on the itinerary. India will also supply anti-tank rockets and a range of ammunition to Armenia. In 2020, India supplied four Swathi radars to Armenia, which can track incoming artillery shells, mortars, and rockets and pinpoint the enemy’s launching position.

India’s concerns are understandable. Her reaction, though of limited nature, is justifiable. However, the reaction has to be commensurate with the magnitude of the action against Armenia.

India will have to widen the scope of support to Armenia. India should train Armenian fighters with the latest war tactics as she had done in the case of the Afghan National Army.

Many Armenian army officers should be admitted to military academies for higher training. India should also supply such an air defense mechanism to Armenia to counter the Turkish drone attacks. India must also support the Armenian cause at different international forums.

https://eurasiantime...asia-new-delhi/



#580 Yervant1

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Posted 03 October 2022 - 08:08 AM

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Oct 2 2022
 
 
At Par With HIMARS! IAF Veteran Decodes Why Armenia Opted For Pinaka MBRLS To Fight Azerbaijan
 
 
October 2, 2022

By Vijainder K Thakur

The recently reported sale of the Pinaka MBRLS to Armenia under an export contract valued at over Rs 2,000 crore ($450M) is not just a breakthrough in defense exports. It also heralds a paradigm shift in Indian defense export policy and a subtle change to global multipolarity.

Before I elaborate, let us look at what is being exported.

Export Likely Of Pinaka Mk-1

The export contract is likely for the Pinaka Mk-1 MBRLS and not the Pinaka Mk-2 or Pinaka Mk-2 EPRS. The longer-range Pinaka-2 systems, with optional (INS/GPS) guided rockets. have cleared user trials, but their production is yet to start.

In contrast, the first Pinaka Mk-1 Indian Army regiment was raised in February 2000. Production of the Pinaka Mk-1 system is underway, and the Indian Army is in the process of fielding 10 Pinaka Mk-1 regiments.

Besides ongoing system production, the production capacity for Pinaka Mk-1 rockets is well established and exceeds 5,000 per annum.

As a result, India can easily export the system without affecting its defense readiness.

Pinaka Mk-1 Capabilities

Pinaka Mk-1 is a free-flight artillery rocket area bombardment system with a range of 38 kilometers, quick reaction time, and a high rate of fire. A single Pinaka system fires a salvo of 12 rockets from a multi-barrel launcher in 44 seconds, while a battery can fire 72 rockets.

The 214mm bore Pinaka rocket has a payload of 100 kilograms and can be fitted with various warheads like anti-tank mines and blast-cum-pre-fragmented high explosives. A battery of Pinaka consists of six launcher systems, six loader-cum-replenishment vehicles, three replenishment vehicles, and a command post vehicle with a fire control computer and meteorological radar.

Over 7.2 tons of payload in the form of lethal warheads can be delivered up to a range of 38 kilometers and effectively neutralize a target area of 1000 meters by 800 meters. A Pinaka regiment comprises three batteries plus reserves.

Reasons Why Armenia Chose The Pinaka MBRLS

Armenian defense forces are mostly equipped with Soviet-era defense systems. In 2015 Armenia bought some newer Russian systems. Because of its Special Military Operation underway in Ukraine, Russia is likely unable to meet additional Armenian weapon system requirements.

The DRDO developed the Pinaka system as a replacement for the Russian GRAD BM-21, which equips Armenian armed forces. Another important reason for Armenia’s choice was likely its adversary Azerbaijan’s heavy use of drones, including suicide drones.

For an MBRLS to survive in a drone-saturated battlefield, it must have the ability to shoot and then disappear quickly. The Pinaka Mk-1 has precisely that ability.

It requires no separate survey to position and orient, making the launcher autonomous. The launcher features brushless servo motors/drives that facilitate quick laying with accuracy within one milli-radian, allowing the system to respond to fire requests quickly.

Shoot and Scoot capability enables the launcher to escape counter-battery fire. Pinaka support vehicles have matching mobility and logistics commonality.

Other reasons for the Armenian choice are likely to be low cost, ready availability, simplicity of operations, assured supply of spares, and availability of future upgrades.

It would be easy for the Armenian Army to absorb the Pinaka Mk-1 MBRLS based on its familiarity with the Grad system. Our established production capacity for the system and rockets guarantees an unrestricted supply of spares and ammunition.

India has already developed and tested an enhanced capability Pinaka Mk-2 system with range & accuracy at par with the US M270 & HIMARS.

Defense Export Breakthrough

The Pinaka MBRLS export contract is the first genuinely indigenous system with near zero import content. In the past, major weapon systems exported by India, such as the Dhruv helicopter and Brahmos missile, have featured major foreign OEM assemblies. Export earnings were split between India & the OEMs.

The Pinaka MBRLS was developed in partnership with private sector Tata Electric and L&T, who developed the Launcher and Command Post Vehicle, OFB (Ordnance Factory Board), which developed the rocket, and OFB and Bharat Earth Movers Ltd (BEML), who together developed the Loader-cum-Replenishment Vehicle.

The Pinaka Mk-1 system was battle-tested during Kargil operations.

The Impetus To Private Sector Participation In Defense Industry

The Indian defense industry, including public and private sectors, has made significant investments in establishing a production capacity for over 5,000 Pinaka rockets. The export of the Pinaka Mk-1 to Armenia, where the MBRLS could be used extensively in its ongoing hostilities against Azerbaijan consuming spares and ammunition, will ensure that our production capacities don’t languish and the jobs associated with the abilities remain secure.

If the Indian defense industry is to flourish, such export orders are essential. Production costs are dependent on the length of production order runs. The longer the runs, the greater the profits and the greater incentive for private sector investments.

Paradigm Shift in Indian Defense Export Policy

Exporting a major weapon system to a combatant during hostilities represents a significant paradigm shift in India’s defense export policy. The export marks a sharp & bold departure in Indian foreign policy, which hitherto was averse to meddling in conflict zones.

The export heralds India’s coming of age as a significant power in the emerging multi-polar world. Some leading defense hardware exporting countries like the US, Israel, and France have thrived on exports to conflict zones.

There is no reason for India to shy away from doing the same. India has to seize opportunities when they arise and establish itself as a reliable defense partner if it wants to grow in stature on the world stage.

Such a bold policy will encourage Indian private sector investments in the defense sector more than unending tweaks in our DPP (Defense Procurement Policy).

Senior DRDO officials have asserted in the recent past that Indian rocket and missile technology has matured to a level that can be considered world-class. Consequently, the MoD has banned future imports of missile systems. The recent successful maiden tests of the VSHORADS (Very Short Range AD System) suggest that the DRDO has seized the initiative to develop missile systems with no global analogs.

DRDO’s sustained efforts to master missile technology over many decades will yield even more promising results. The Pinaka MBRLS is likely just the first of many missile systems that India will export in the future.

Hopefully, the newfound boldness in our foreign policy will persist and facilitate India’s emergence as a great power.

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